Chinese Armed Forces ORBAT Part 8: JLSF, SSF, PAP, Military Factories and Badges

3. People’s Armed Police

People’s Armed Police (PAP) is a paramilitary force under command of CCP with an estimated strength of 8-10 lakh personnel. It is the largest internal security force in the world. It has multiple roles which include guarding important installations, counter-terrorism and internal security. Chinese Coast Guard was also merged with PAP making guarding of Chinese coasts another responsibility of the organisation. It can also be used as light infantry to support regular PLA ground forces. 


Arm Patch

Cap Badge

 Earlier it had a dual command structure with CMC and provincial governments having joint control over the deployment of its troops.After reorganisation, CMC now has sole control over PAP and provincial governments will have to submit requests for deployment through PAP.  


PAP consists of Internal Guard Force, Mobile Force, Coast Guards and training academies and research institutions.  The new structure shown above came into existence in 2016. One of the major changes was the promotion of Discipline Inspection Commission to a first level organisation from its subordinate position to the Political Work Department. It was done to provide more powers to anti-corruption officers. The Equipment Department was elevated similarly to meet the specialised needs of PAP which were diverging from its older parent organisation, PLA.

PAP’s Organisational Structure

Earlier PAP used to have 14 mobile divisions meant to perform internal security duties and had a secondary role of supporting PLA forces.They were renamed Mobile Detachments and some of them were allocated to provincial contingents which in theory could be utilised by local authorities for disaster relief and settling civil unrest. 

PAP Special Operations Forces

PAP Special Operations Forces trace their origin to PLA’s Special Police Units in the 1980s. A unit codenamed Ministry of Public Security 772 Police Unit was raised in Beijing to handle any national level crisis like anti-hijacking, counter-terrorism, riot control and VIP protection. In 1983 this unit came under new PAP and became PAP Special Police Group and in 2002 became PAP Special Police College (Falcon Commando). Snow Wolf Commando Unit (SWCU) is the second PAP SOF unit. It was renamed Snow Leopard Commando Unit in 2008.

SWCU troops were sent to Iraq in 2004 to protect Chinese diplomats, making it the first deployment of Chinese troops in such a role

PAP’s Falcon SOF taking part in a military parade in Beijing, 2019

APCs of PAP near Shenzhen during an exercise in 2019.

1st Mobile Corps HQ^No. 777, Zhonghua North Street, Zhengding County, Shijiazhuang38° 8’9.82″N114°28’52.87″E
1st Mobile DetachmentNo. 230 Wang Lane, Dachi Road, Binhu District, Wuxi31°33’56.22″N120°14’52.70″E
2nd Mobile DetachmentYaowan Interchange, Wuxi City31°32’46.32″N120°10’15.61″E
3rd Mobile DetachmentNo. 1070, Chuanbu Village, Dingshu Town31°17’7.73″N119°48’15.29″E
Longtoushan, Jiangli Village, Dingshu Town, Yixing City31°16’48.95″N119°47’9.63″E
4th Mobile DetachmentNo. 198, Xiazheng, Xianqiang Village, Longshan Street, Fuqing City, Fuzhou25°43’30.92″N119°27’25.14″E
5th Mobile DetachmentHouzhuo Village, Xitianwei Town, Putian City, Fujian
6th Mobile Detachment^No. 21, Yongjun Road, Xiuquan Street, Huadu District, Guangzhou23°23’57.96″N113° 9’19.49″E
7th Mobile DetachmentShangwan, Gaoming District, Foshan City, Guangdong22°59’29.67″N112°48’1.76″E
8th Mobile DetachmentNo. 2, Xingsheng Road, Mengzi City, Yunnan23°21’56.88″N103°23’30.14″E
9th Mobile DetachmentNo. 435, Yan’an Road, Shunqing District, Nanchong
9th Mobile DetachmentNo. 21, Yongjun Road, Jiutang, Xinhua Street, Huadu District, Guangzhou
9th Mobile Detachment^Fengjiaqiao Village, Jialing District, Nanchong City, Sichuan30°46’2.41″N106° 1’1.88″E
Engineering & Chemical DefenceChangle Sports Center, Dongtou Village, Yingqian Street, Changle25°56’54.93″N119°27’24.90″E
2nd Detachment, Special ForcesNo.318, Huangzhishan Village, Yangjiabu Town, Wuxing District, Huzhou
1st Traffic DetachmentHuainan North Road and Hexianghu Road, Shuangdun Town, Hefei32° 0’11.54″N117°17’31.95″E
2nd Traffic DetachmentWujia Town, Fucheng District, Mianyang City, Sichuan31°23’17.19″N104°42’34.52″E
2nd Traffic Detachment^No. 1, Sangdeng Middle Road, Zhamu Town, Bomi County, Nyingchi City, Tibet29°51’23.67″N95°45’42.78″E
Second Mobile Corps^No. 198, Dongtou Village, Yingqian Street, Changle District, Fuzhou25°56’44.76″N119°27’26.72″E
1st Mobile DetachmentXudong, Wangjia Town, Dawa District, Panjin City, Liaoning40°58’25.61″N122° 3’14.63″E
1st Mobile Detachment-1^Zhujiang Street, Dawa District, Panjin City, Liaoning
2nd Mobile DetachmentYangqian Village, Yaoqianhu Town, Sujiatun District, Shenyang41°34’3.00″N123°38’49.41″E
3rd Mobile DetachmentShuangpaozi, Liaohe Town, Tongliao City, Inner Mongolia43°42’59.69″N122°12’52.50″E
4th Mobile Detachment^1118, Jingu Road, Jinnan District, Tianjin39° 1’6.26″N117°21’41.10″E
5th Mobile DetachmentNo. 105, Dingzhou Paper Mill Community (Qingshuihe New Village, Dingzhou City, Baoding City, Hebei38°32’57.96″N115° 0’6.14″E
6th Mobile DetachmentNo. 666, Zhouzhuang Village, Zhaozhuang Township, Wangdu County, Baoding City, Hebei38°44’18.40″N115°10’14.66″E
7th Mobile DetachmentYangjiazhuang Village, Taigu County, Jinzhong City, Shanxi37°25’4.26″N112°35’17.56″E
8th Mobile DetachmentNo. 100 Zijing South Road, Gongyi City, Henan
9th Mobile DetachmentNo. 94, Xilan East Road, Kongtong District, Pingliang City, Gansu Province35°28’35.11″N106°51’16.14″E
1st Detachment, Special ForcesNo. 2 Zhengqian Road, Anding Town, Daxing39°37’57.88″N116°30’23.34″E
2nd Detachment, Special ForcesNo. 122, Yangliuqing Liukou Road, Xiqing District, Tianjin39° 7’29.91″N117° 0’54.85″E
3rd Detachment, Special Forces^No. 789, Zhonghua North Street, Zhengding County, Shijiazhuang City38° 8’19.01″N114°29’30.42″E
1st Traffic Detachment^No. 25, Linjing North Road, Kangzhuang Town, Yanqing District, Beijing40°22’25.48″N115°52’49.65″E
2nd Traffic Detachment^Chang’an Avenue, Chang’an District, Xi’an, Shaanxi Province34°12’30.02″N108°56’44.40″E
Engineering & Chemical Defence^No. 12, Waihuan North Road, Xingcheng40°38’25.21″N120°43’13.74″E
Yancheng Border Defense Detachment^Jiangsu, Yancheng, Tinghu District, Nanyang Rd, 6233°23’45.24″N120° 9’20.66″E
1st Helicopter detachment NingxiaZ-8WJS, Z-9WJSWJ52880x, WJ52890xNingxia38°24’9.51″N106°12’23.11″E
1st Helicopter detachment ShanxiZ-8WJS, Z-8GWJ, Z-8NWJ,Z-9F, Z-9WJ, Z-20WJWJ518xx, WJ519xx, WJ512xxWujing Taiyuan Jichang37°29’30.41″N112°43’15.10″E
1st Helicopter detachment XinjiangMi-171E, Z-8WJS, Z-8NWJWJ517xx,WJ518xx,WJ52730xShuimogou43°48’53.13″N87°41’12.50″E
2ndHelicopter Battalion Sichuan-ZhongjiangZ-8NWJ,Z-8GWJ,Z-20WJWJ528xx, WJ522xxTaiping, Zhongjiang County, Deyang City, Sichuan30°50’51.54″N104°40’50.25″E
2ndHelicopter Battalion HunanZ-8WJS, Z-9WJS, Z-8WJ, Z-9WJWJ51880x, WJ51890x, WJ528xx, WJ529xxZhangshu Town, Xiangyin County, Yueyang County, Hunan28°31’38.26″N112°49’46.67″E
2nd 1st Mobile DetachmentXudong, Wangjia Town, Dawa District, Panjin City, Liaoning40°58’25.61″N122° 3’14.63″E
ShandongHelicopter Detachment ShandongZ-9WJWJ51490xXiaozhi Town, Pingyin County, Jinan City, Shandong36° 4’24.86″N116°28’40.34″E

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