Name: Chandhar Airbase

Type: Pakistan Air Force operated airfield, no civilian use.

Location: Punjab, Pakistan.

Coordinates: 32° 4’38.20″N   73°47’23.65″E

Occupants: PAF

Airstrip Length: 2.4 km

Comments: There is very little information about Chandhar airbase available in open sources. It’s about 77 km away from international border and seems to be military installation for use only during war time as a way of dispersing aircraft. There are some aircraft shelters, basic underground storage bunkers but  limited support infrastructure. It’s surrounded by farms on all sides and shows very little signs of activity, construction and changes.

 

Chandhar airbase, Distance from border 77 km

Chandhar airbase, Distance from border 77 km

 

Aircraft shelter 1

Aircraft shelters 1

Aircraft shelters 2

Aircraft shelters 2

 

Aircraft shelters 3

Aircraft shelters 3

 

Hardened bunker

Hardened bunker

 

Possible underground bunker and air defence site

Possible underground bunker and air defence site

 

Unidentified (possible AD site)

Unidentified (possible AD site)

 

Index Post

 

 

Name: Shamsi Airfield (Bhandari Airstrip)

Type: Airstrip first leased to UAE for hunting wildlife, then to USA for military operations.

Location: Washuk District, Balochistan, Pakistan.

Coordinates:   27°50’51.00″N   65° 9’35.63″E

Occupants: It was used by USA as a base for Predator drones from 2001 till 2011. Leased by UAE from 1992-2001. Now presumably controlled by Pakistan FC.

Comments: Shamsi Airfield caught my interest in particular due to the fact that no new imagery is available since after 2014. Another point of interest is it’s use by USA from 2001 till 2011 as a base for armed Predator drones which were used in counter terrorism attacks in nearby areas. USA vacated this base after frictions arising due to American raids inside Pakistani territory leading to deaths of 24 Paki armymen. This base for previously under control of UAE which used it for falconry trips.

Shamsi Airfield, 440 km from IB

Shamsi Airfield, 440 km from IB

Shamsi Airfield, airstrip length 2.3 km

Shamsi Airfield, airstrip length 2.3 km

Shamsi Airfield, airstrip length 2.3 km

Transport airplane on ground

Transport airplane on ground

Structures on way to airstrip from the main road

Structures on way to airstrip from the main road

Look like shipping containers

Look like shipping containers

3 American Predator drones in 2004

3 American Predator drones in 2004

New hangars and buildings constructed after the previous image was taken Before 2004, there was only a single small hangar

New hangars and buildings constructed after the previous image was taken Before 2004, there was only a single small hangar

Unidentified structure on right was constructed after 2007

Unidentified structure on right was constructed after 2007

A Mi-17 helicopter and Paki personnel after USA's evacuation of the base.

A Mi-17 helicopter and Paki personnel after USA’s evacuation of the base.

Pakistani and American personnel near a drone

Pakistani and American personnel near a drone

Index Post

Name: Peshawar Airbase

Type: Military airbase with an adjacent civilian airport.

Location: Khyber Pakhtunkhwa., Pakistan.

Coordinates:  33°59’57.74″N   71°30’53.90″E

Occupants: No. 26 and 16 squadrons of PAF operating JF-17 fighters

Peshawar airbase. Distance from LoC 218 km

Peshawar airbase. Distance from LoC 218 km

 

Peshawar airbase. airstrip 2.65 km length

Peshawar airbase. airstrip 2.65 km length

 

Aircraft on ground 1

Aircraft on ground 1

 

Aircraft on ground 2. Possibly A-5 fighter Near hardened shelter

Aircraft on ground 2. Possibly A-5 fighter Near hardened shelter

 

Aircraft on ground 3. JF-17 on Taxiway

Aircraft on ground 3. JF-17 on Taxiway

 

Aircraft on ground 4. A-5 Near hardened shelters and helicopter (unidentified) base

Aircraft on ground 4. A-5 Near hardened shelters and helicopter (unidentified) base

Aircraft on ground 5. 3 JF-17 near shelters.

Aircraft on ground 5. 3 JF-17 near shelters.

 

Aircraft on ground 6. Possible decommissioned Shenyang F-6,

Aircraft on ground 6. Possible decommissioned Shenyang F-6,

Aircraft on ground 7 from 2014. These hardened shelters almost always have aircraft nearby

Aircraft on ground 7 from 2014. These hardened shelters almost always have aircraft nearby

 

Aircraft on ground 8. Multiple helicopters and planes including one on display

Aircraft on ground 8. Multiple helicopters and planes including one on display

 

Aircraft on ground 9. Six A5s and one helicopter in 2007

Aircraft on ground 9. Six A5s and one helicopter in 2007

 

 

Aircraft on ground 10. Multiple types of aircraft including A5, F-6, F-86 and a few unidentified aircraft , most likely decommissioned. 2012

Aircraft on ground 10. Multiple types of aircraft including A5, F-6, F-86 and a few unidentified aircraft , most likely decommissioned. 2012

Aircraft on ground 11. Same place in 2017 with lot more aircrafts

Aircraft on ground 11. Same place in 2017 with lot more aircrafts

 

Aircraft on ground 12. A-5s lined up in 2010

Aircraft on ground 12. A-5s lined up in 2010

 

Aircraft on ground 13. One JF-17, one small plane and a helicopter

Aircraft on ground 13. One JF-17, one small plane and a helicopter

 

Aircraft on ground 14. One JF-17 on runway and taxiway each

Aircraft on ground 14. One JF-17 on runway and taxiway each

 

Hardened aircraft shelters with some activity going on nearby

Hardened aircraft shelters with some activity going on nearby

 

Aircraft on ground 15. Civilian aviation terminal

Aircraft on ground 15. Civilian aviation terminal

 

Hardened underground bunkers

Hardened underground bunkers

 

Possible air defence sites

Possible air defence site

 

Aircraft on ground 16. Helicopters and a transporter plane

Aircraft on ground 16. Helicopters and a transporter plane

 

Another air defence site

Another air defence site

Unidentified. Possible underground storage, missile launch or air defence site

Unidentified. Possible underground storage, missile launch or air defence site

 

Underground fuel storage ?

Underground fuel storage ?

 

Cantonment board office

Cantonment board office

 

 

Peshawar is one of the more important bases for PAF and houses 2 squadrons of their frontline JF-17 fighters. This airbase has been the target for 2 major islamist terrorist attacks in 2007 and 2012. In 2015,  adjoining Camp Badaber also suffered an attack with 29 causalities. This base was used by the 6937th Communications Group of United States Air Force from July 17, 1959 until January 7, 1970

Index Post

Previous Post in this series  Sukkur Airfield

Name: Sukkur Airport (IATA: SKZ, ICAO: OPSK)

Type: FOB (Forward Operating Base) and a small domestic airport.

Location: Sindh, Pakistan.

Coordinates: 27°43′19″N  68°47′30″E

Sukkur Distance from IB 97 km

Sukkur Distance from International Border  97 km

 

Sukkur airstrip 2.76km

Sukkur airstrip 2.76km

 

Aircraft shelters on end of runway

Aircraft shelters on end of runway

4 more aircraft shelters

4 more aircraft shelters

 

Sukkur Airfield, some construction is going on in April 2017

Sukkur Airfield, some construction is going on in April 2017

 

Possibly hardened bunkers at end of the airstrip

Possibly hardened bunkers at end of the airstrip

 

A twin engined aircraft on airstrip in front of hangars

A twin engined aircraft on airstrip in front of hangars

 

Unidentified structures

Unidentified structures

 

Swampy area near end of airstrip which gets flooded during monsoons

Swampy area near end of airstrip which gets flooded during monsoons

 

 

Sukkur barrage and bridge over Indus River

Sukkur barrage and bridge over Indus River

A small aircraft parked near the terminal

A small aircraft parked near the terminal

 

Barrage on Indus river

Barrage on Indus river

 

Sukkur Airfield is a dual use airport, but has limited military traffic. It is very near to the Thar desert.  The barrage shown above was a possible target for Indian offensive in 1971 as it is a vital piece of infrastructure irrigating much of the agricultural land nearby.

Index Post:

 

 

 

 

As of now, India has five versions of Agni missiles in service plus one Technology Demonstrator program and two other versions in development. As interesting as it sounds, it is also a bit confusing to keep track of. This article contains information collected from press releases, interviews and other open sources about different versions of Agni missile.  There is a quite a  bit of misleading information and a lot of missing pieces which make writing any article like this a challenging proposition. I’ve gone through dozens if not hundreds of articles, interviews and official websites to collect the information presented here and believe that most of it is as accurate as Indian establishment wants it to be. If there are any inaccuracies, please feel free to point them out.

1. AGNI – Technology Demonstrator 

Agni Technology Demonstrator missile

Agni Technology Demonstrator

  • NAME                 : AGNI – TD
  • RANGE (km)      : 1500 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)   : 1000 kg
  • WEIGHT (kg)      : 19000 kg
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 21 m
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 1 m
  • SPEED (km/s)    : Unknown
  • STAGES               : Two. First Stage solid (from SLV-3), Second stage liquid (Prithvi 2nd stage)
  • APOGEE (km)     : 300 km
  • LAUNCHER         : Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  : No. Technology Demonstrator
  • NAVIGATION       : RLG INS
TESTS  :
  1. 5 May 1989. – Success. Apogee: 300 km
  2. 22 May 1992.. – Failure. Apogee: 10 km
  3. 19 February 1994. -Success
USER              : None.
 
REMARKS: Agni -TD missile was used as a technology testbed and a technology demonstrator. It used first stage of SLV-3 space vehicle and second stage of Prithvi short-ranged ballistic missile, both liquid fueled. Both of it’s stages had be refueled before launch and thus had little practical use as a strategic deterrent. It’s development was supposedly abandoned after 3 tests.

 

2. AGNI – I

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 1  

    Agni-I

    Agni-I

  • RANGE (km)   : 700 – 800 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)  : 1000 kg
  • WEIGHT (kg) : 12000 kg
  • HEIGHT (m)       : 15 m
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 1 m
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 2.5 km/s
  • STAGES             : 1 solid motor (10.5 m) + Re-entry vehicle (4.5 m)
  • APOGEE (km) : 300 – 500 km
  • LAUNCHER        : Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  : With 334 Missile Group.
  • NAVIGATION      : RLG INS
TESTS  :
  1. 25 Jan 2002 – Success. Apogee : 300 km. 9 January 2003. Success. Apogee: 300 km MRBM test with dummy warhead.
  2. 4 July 2004 – Success. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
  3. 5 October 2007 – Success. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
  4. 24 October 2007 -Success. Apogee: 300 km
  5. 23 March 2008 – Success. Apogee: 300 km
  6. 27 March 2010 Success. Apogee: 300 km. Test launch.
  7. 25 November 2010. Success. Apogee: 300 km
  8. 1 December 2011 Success. Apogee: 300 km
  9. 13 July 2012 -Success. Apogee: 200 km. Test mission..
  10. 11 September 2014 – Nation: India. Apogee: 500 km. Training launch.
REMARKS: . Agni – 1 is supposedly Pakistan specific missile. It was developed after Agni – 2 missile to cover the range between Prithivi’s 200-300 km and Agni-2’s 2000 km range. Presumably it will have a smaller cost and small numbers in service.

3. AGNI – II

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 2

    Agni -II

    Agni -II

  • RANGE (km)   : 2000 – 2500 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg) : 1000 kg
  • WEIGHT (kg)    : 17000 kg . Includes 1000 kg payload.
  • HEIGHT (m)       : 20 m
  • DIAMETER (m)   : 1.3 m
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 3.9 km/s
  • STAGES : Two . 1 solid motor (10.5 m) + Re-entry vehicle (4.5 m)
  • APOGEE (km) : 20 – 1000 km
  • LAUNCHER          :  Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  : With 334 Missile Group.
  • NAVIGATION      : RLG INS, TDOA (Time Delay Of Arrival)
TESTS  :
  1. 25 Jan 2002 – Success. Apogee :300 km, Range 2000 km +. Rail launcher.
  2. 9 January 2003. Success. Apogee: 300 km, Range 2100 km with dummy warhead. Road launcher.
  3. 4 July 2004 – Success. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
  4. 5 October 2007 – Success. Apogee: 300 km (180 mi).
  5. 24 October 2007 – Success. Apogee: 300 km
  6. 23 March 2008 – Success. Apogee: 300 km
  7. 27 March 2010 Success. Apogee: 300 km.
  8. 25 November 2010. Success. Apogee: 300 km
  9. 1 December 2011 Success. Apogee: 300 km
  10. 13 July 2012 -Success. Apogee: 200 km.
  11. 11 September 2014 – Nation: India. Apogee: 500 km. Training launch 
REMARKS: Agni -2 is the first MRBM in Indian arsenal which incorporates a wide range of vital technologies like road, rail mobility, active guidance for re-entry vehicle among others. It was a vital stepping stone for Indian ballistic missile programe on it’s way to present a credible deterrence against China among other countries.It’s induction in Indian arsenal is an indication of success in creation of light weight nuclear warheads.
 

4. AGNI – III

  • NAME                   : AGNI – 3 

    Agni 3

    Agni 3

  • RANGE (km)       : 3500-5000 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)    : 2000-2500 kg
  • WEIGHT (kg)      : 22000 kg.
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 17 m
  • DIAMETER (m)   : 2 m
  • SPEED (km/s)     : 5.6 km/s
  • STAGES               : 2
  • APOGEE (km)      : 100-500 km
  • LAUNCHER         : Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL   : Since 2010.
  • NAVIGATION     : RLG INS
  • AGENCY              : ASL
TESTS  :
  1. 9 July 2006- .  Failure. : Failure.Apogee: 100 km (60 mi).
  2. 12 April 2007. Success.  Apogee: 400 km (240 mi).
  3. 7 May 2008  Success. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi).
  4. 7 February 2010  Success.  Apogee: 350 km (210 mi). Range: 3,500 km (2,100 mi).
  5. 20 September 2012  Success.Agni III RV  500 km (310 mi). Test mission.
  6. 23 December 2013  Success. 350 km (210 mi).
  7. 16 April 2015  Success. Apogee: 350 km (210 mi)
REMARKS: Agni-3 is an advanced and longer ranged IRBM successor to Agni-2 MRBM. This was the first missile in Agni series with 2 m diameter compared to 1 m and 1.3 m diameters of previous missiles. The first Agni-3 missiles wighes 50 tonnes, though it was reduced to 22 tonnes later by use of composites materials.
 

5. AGNI – IV 

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 4 

    Agni-IV missile

    Agni-IV

  • RANGE (km)       : 3000-4000 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)    : 1000 kg *
  • WEIGHT (kg)      : 17000 kg.
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 20 m
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 2 m
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 5.6 km/s
  • STAGES              : 2
  • APOGEE (km)    : 500-900 km
  • LAUNCHER        : Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  : Since 2010.
  • NAVIGATION      : RLG INS, MINGS
 
TESTS  :
  1. 15 November 2011. Success. Range 3000 km +. Apogee 900 km. 800 kg payload.
  2. 19 September 2012. Success.  Range 4000 km . Apogee 800 km
  3. 20 January 2014. Success. Range 4000 km +. Apogee 850 km
  4. 2 December 2014. By SFC, Success. Range 3000 km +. Apogee 500 km
  5. 9 November 2015.
  6. 02 January 2017.
REMARKS: Agni – 4 was called Agni-2A or Agni-2 Prime for a short while and was presumably used as a test bed for a bunch of new technologies including a new navigation system and composite stages. There is no reliable open source confirming it’s exact payload capacity.
 http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/agniiv-testflight-a-stupendous-success/article2629274.ece
Agni-IV missile is equipped with 5th generation onboard computer and distributed architecture. It has the latest features to correct and guide itself for in-flight disturbances
The missile is reportedly equipped with state-of-the-art avionics V-12 fifth generation On-Board Computer.

6. AGNI – V

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 5 

    Agni - V missile

    Agni – V

  • RANGE (km)       : 5000-8000 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)    : 1500 kg *
  • WEIGHT (kg)       : 17000 kg.
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 17.5 m
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 2 m
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 5.6 km/s
  • STAGES               : 3 (2nd & 3rd Stage made of composites)
  • APOGEE (km)     : 
  • LAUNCHER         : Canister. Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  :
  • NAVIGATION     : RLG INS, MINGS
TESTS  :
  1. 19 April 2012 . Success. Apogee: 600 km.
  2. 15 September 2015. Success.
  3. 31 January 2015. Successful. Canister launch. Range 5000 km. Apogee: 500 km.
  4. 26 December 2016 . Range, 2500 km. Flight time :19 minutes.

6. AGNI – VI

Under Development

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 6
  • RANGE (km)       : More than 6000 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg)    : 
  • WEIGHT (kg)       : 
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 
  • STAGES               :
  • APOGEE (km)     : 
  • LAUNCHER         : Canister. Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  :
  • NAVIGATION     : 

6. AGNI – 1P

Under Development

  • NAME                  : AGNI – 1P
  • RANGE (km)   : 300 -700 km
  • PAYLOAD (kg) : 
  • WEIGHT (kg)   : 
  • HEIGHT (m)        : 
  • DIAMETER (m)  : 
  • SPEED (km/s)    : 
  • STAGES              : 
  • APOGEE (km) : 
  • LAUNCHER         : Canister. Road, Rail
  • OPERATIONAL  :
  • NAVIGATION     :

 


https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1itQOZenz5GmSDJ0mlR8pIN9GgZIN93-CdDYEYVvd7aA/pubhtml?gid=409154531&single=true