This is my 2nd article in the series of articles which  analyse the work of Modi government starting from 2014 till present date. This one is about administration and governance. Unlike the first one on defence, it is not that binary and there are quite a few gray areas and is subject to opinions as much it is to facts. For example, I like how NGOs have been brought under tougher checks and a lot of such organisations have been forced to shut shop. But quite a few people view it as unfair. Additionally, there is an overlap between governance issues and various others like economy, foreign policy etc. In this article, focus will will be on the work done or changes in way of working of central government ministries and departments. Some of these will be mentioned in next article which will be about economy issues.

1. Steps for leaner, responsive and more efficient government.

This is the most obvious, yet hardest things to do for any regime. All the decisions made by the politically elected government are implemented by officials who usually see multiple such governments come and go through their service. It is next to impossible to fire or even penalise them for even gross incompetence. Any reform in their way of working is extremely hard and takes years of sustained effort. Political and ideological differences even among ministers also play their part. Then there are politicians who have a mutually beneficial nexus with such officials even when they are out of power. Some of the first steps taken by Modi regime was to break this nexus and it seems to have succeeded partially. But there is still a long way to go.


 Govt pushes squatters out of Lutyens Bungalow Zone, only 4 left

Squatters from govt properties removed

1. Officials working for central government have been forced to work much harder, so much so that many now view these prestigious jobs as punishment postings. Many non-performing officers have been disciplined and even sacked, a first. 1* 2* 29* 68* 112* 118* 132*
2. Even serving ministers have been forced to adopt austerity measures. Some examples are no new vehicles, reduced travel expenses 11*13* 71* 125*
3. Influence of foreign interests, corporates and their lobbyists has been severely curtailed. Many “powerful” people who had a lot of influence in various ministries and govt departments now don’t have insider knowledge or influence over decision making. 26* 63* 75*
4. Many politicians squatting on government properties have been forced to vacate them. List of more than 1500 such squatters includes many former ministers, MLAs, MPs and many so called artists, inetellectuals who have been staying in govt allotted properties long after their time was over. Even BJP run state governments have evacuated have evacuated former CMs and MLAs. 61* 65* 104* 108* 109* 113*
5. Business of paid for postings and transfers in many central govt departments has been severely curtailed. 7* 105*
6. Many useless posts have been abolished and major departments downsized and streamlined. Often posts like this were used to accommodate officials in high paying post-retirement postings.4* 117*
7. There is much greater communication between government and people. Many ministers and even PM office interact with common citizens on Twitter among other platforms. 124* 119*
8. Options opened for direct entry of domain experts in to government departments. 133* 134* 135*
9. Various measures taken to improve business climate like curtailment of harassment by various inspectors, passing of bankruptcy law, steps to improve ease of doing business among many others. It resulted in India making a record jump in ease of doing business index in 2017 and broke in to top 100 for first time. 3* 10* 12* 23* 46* 59* 66* 72* 154* 155* 156* 158* 159* 160*
10. A very large number of old, archaic laws removed. Latest one under consideration (July 2018) in Supreme Court is article 377, removal of which will lead to decriminalisation of homo-sexuality. 1159 such redundant laws removed in just 2 years. 42* 163* 164* 165*


1. Attempts to clean up bureaucracy and red tape need more will. In 4 years, there have not been many deep reforms in functioning of most govt departments, as far as corruption and delays are concerned. Then there have been some seemingly counter-productive measures like the one which makes it harder to investigate a govt servant.
2. For most part, BJP ruled states have not shown enough initiative and willingness for reforms as was expected of them.

SCORE: 6.5/10

There are some measures like removing squatters from palatial govt properties, attempted reforms in beuraucracy

2.Corruption and black money.

Before anyone starts “where are my 15 lakh which Modi promised”, kindly watch this video.

Recovering black money was one of the major poll promises of BJP and they have made fairly good progress on some fronts while it lacks on others.. As it happened, cleanups also unearthed huge scams in bank loans in which UPA regime gave away loans to numerous people who never meant to pay those back. This has proven to be one of the biggest scams in history and many big industrialists and UPA politicians including former Finance Minister Chidambaram have been implicated. Many of them have ran away from India to escape persecution. Apart from that, even after their best efforts, all the opposition parties and their followers have been unable to find a single corruption charge against Modi regime till date.

Action against corruption and black money

Action against corruption and black money

Demonetisation, however controversial it may be, has enabled recovery of untaxed income worth thousands of crores which would have never happened except for drastic measure like this. Implementation of GST was not perfect, but it has led to streamlined taxation process with reduced leakage, This link contains list of some income tax raids done immediately after demonetisation.


1. Huge scam in banking sector in which loans worth thousands of crores were given away without proper checks under influence of UPA ministers unearthed. Number of industrialists, bank officials and politicians are implicated. Many of these industrialists are being forced to give back that money. Legal actions being taken against others, some of which have fled India and some politicians and their associates. Banks starting to show gains after sustained recovery efforts. 120* 131* 136* 137* 138* 139* 140* 141* 158*
2. Many politicians jailed or under investigation for various corruption issues including former CMs and central ministers. 130* 142* 143* 144* 149* 150*
3. Many dubious NGOs, many of which have shady backgrounds have been forced to shut shop or forced to reduce their operations. Among the benign ones, many of such organisations were front for money laundering and payment of lackeys. Others were foreign sponsored fronts for mass scale conversions of Indics, anti-India propaganda and terrorism. 5* 9* 21* 91* 115* 126* 127* 145*
4. A large quantity of black money from foreign bank accounts successfully recovered. Treaties signed with Switzerland (among other countries) under which Swiss will share details of Indians owning bank accounts in Swiss banks. 103* 122* 128* 129* 146* 148*
5. Large increase in number of people paying income tax after rules like Aadhar verification, demonetisation, GST. Huge amounts of money recovered in income tax raids. Properties of gangsters targeted. Lakhs of shell companies closed down. 101* 121* 123* 128* 129* 147* 151* 152* 153* 161*
6. Stronger laws passed against corruption and tax evasion. Top level corruption reduces significantly. 33* 75* 93* 101* 102*


1. Modi regime perhaps underestimated how difficult the recovery of black money from foreign accounts will be. Although a huge sum of money has been recovered, the whole process will take a lot longer and most likely will fall short of hype during election campaign.
2. A number of bank loan defaulters managed to evade authorities and escape to foreign countries. If they had been arrested earlier, then loan recovery would have been a lot more easier and faster.
3. Implementation of GST was not up to par. Numerous issues still exist which will take atleast a few months to be sorted out.
4. Although I personally support demonetisation, it was not as well planned as it should have been. Very large number of people faced inconveniences for quite long time due to shortage of currency. Strangely, number of currency notes in circulation has reached back previous levels.

5. Even if corruption at top levels has been reduced, grassroot corruption still seems to be as bad as it was earlier. Problem of citizens dealing directly with govt departments have not eased much.


SCORE: 6.5/10

The actual score would have been a 6. Extra half point is due to clean image of almost every minister and no scams yet. Opposition parties have tried their best to make up scams like the one for Rafale planes, but their attempts have been laughably stupid.

3. Programs for citizens.

Energy savings with new policies

Reforms in electricity

This regime seems to have better reach out programs for general public which are meant to make their lives and interaction with government machinery easier and fruitful. In addition to big steps like Jan Dhan bank accounts, Mudra Yojna, free LPG for poor, there have been number of measures implemented to make government departments more responsive and approachable. Some of these points have overlap with economy and infrastructure issues, but they are mentioned here because they affect lives of citizens directly. and profoundly.. Some of these will be explained in detail in later posts.


1. Red tape cut across various government departments. Steps like digital locker, self-attestation of documents and a few others meant to reduce paperwork, unnecessary delays and corruption implemented. 47* 62* 66* 67* 72* 107*
2. Jan Dhan Yojna brings banking to the poorest and enables direct transfer of funds for subsidies and other welfare programs. This is one of the best measures in quite a long time meant for direct benefit of the poor. Reduces delays and corruption. 167* 168* 169* 170* 171* 172* 173* 175*
3. Passport issue and re-issue process made much easier and faster. 110* 166*
4. More platforms for feedback about government departments and policies created. Emphasis on transparency in governance and grievance redressal mechanisms. 79* 124* 116* 119*
5. Steps taken to solve some employee issues related to Provident Fund, pensions and others. Lot more reforms still needed. 6* 18*
6. Swachh Bharat Mission despite problems is showing some results. 85% of population now has access to toilets, compared to around 40% at start of program. According to WHO, 3 lakhs deaths caused by diarrhea were averted between 2014 and 2019. A lot of public places like railway stations are much cleaner. 175 * 176* 177* 178* 179*

Highway construction Source


7. Ujwala Yojana, a scheme meant to eradicate use of polluting fuels like wood, coal, dung for cooking proves to be a good success. 5 crore new connections allotted ahead of target. 180* 181* 182* 183*
8. While many countries struggle with it, India implements strong net neutrality rules. 184* 185*
9. Multiple steps taken to improve conditions for farmers. Extra impetus on reducing malnutrition and increasing availability of nutritional food to citizens through various schemes. 186*, 187*, 188*, 189* 205* 206*
10. Excellent work so far by power ministry bringing even the remotest places in India on electricity grid. A number of villages which had remained outside the grid now have electricity. Additionally, electricity production and distribution is much better. India has a power surplus and is 3rd largest electricity producer in world. Most of issues still remaining are more often than not due to inefficient and corrupt state electricity corporations. Cheap LED bulbs help in reducing power consumption. 190*, 191* 192* 193* 194* 195* 196* 197* 198* 199* 200* 201* 202*
11. Much needed push for solar power with huge new solar power plants coming up. 203* 204*
12. Pace of road construction across the country has picked up substantially and it has been the highest till now. Many remote regions have new connectivity and existing highways in most regions have been upgraded, 207* to 232* 26 links



1. Inspite of all the schemes and subsidies, Indian agricultural sector suffers from various issues which will need a lot more work and better implementations. There has been no obvious solution of issues arising due to small size of land holdings, mimimum support prices and bureaucratic red tape.
2. Swach Bharat mission has been partially successful at best.
3. Implementation of digital measures meant to reduce red tape have had limited effect till now. Many people and govt departments remain unaware and disinterested in these changes.

SCORE: 7/10

If it was just the intention of projects mentioned here, this would be a full 10. But meaningful implementation of many of these projects is hampered by numerous factors like inefficient, corrupt bureaucracy, infinitely stupid and large population as well as mediocre planning. Some of these projects are longterm and the effects will be visible only after a certain amount of time.


If compared with UPA regime, this one is miles ahead in almost everything. But this is not a good enough standard to improve upon. There have been some good efforts from top, but on ground implementation has been good in only a few. Some of the long standing issues like reforms in bureaucracy, agriculture and a few other fields which will take more than just good intent and announcement of schemes.


1. Fear of Narendra Modi makes babus finalize plans in 24 hours
2. Working a 6-day week? No problem! Bureaucrats are loving Modi’s iron-fist
3. Investments to get push as Modi govt takes green clearances online
4. PM Narendra Modi scraps 4 Cabinet Committees, including one on UIDAI
5. Modi govt puts NGOs under scan following IB warning
6. Employees to get pension payment order on retirement day: Govt
7. National acc wiil be-appointing authority for top officers
8. Rajnath singh reviews citizens database scheme
9. Centre cracks the whip on NGOs, direct foreign funding put on hold
10. Government clears investment hurdles, gives go ahead to seven projects worth Rs 21,000 crore
11. Narendra Modi cracks the whip on ministers’ foreign travels
12. Forest ministry greenlights faster, simpler clearances; defence, roads get priority
13. Modi austerity drive, no new cars for ministers, PMO to monitor spending
14. 3 satellite cities being planned for re-settlement of Kashmiri Pandits
15. Thirty days in office, Narendra Modi-led NDA working to keep promises
16. Narendra Modi government to club three social security schemes
17. Rajnath Singh sets a 3-yr deadline for NPR rollout, link to voter ID likely
18. Register online, get provident fund code within hours
19. 660 Nirbhaya Centres for women violence victims
20. Passport delivery to become hassle-free, no police verification in case of renewal
21. ‘No relevance’, Centre asks UN mission to vacate Delhi office
22. New advisory to end ‘inspector raj’
23. Centre to shield businesses from dreaded ‘inspector raj’ with new system
24. Railways’ ‘silent killers’: Now, trains won’t stop at ‘MP stops’
25. Managing of PM Relief Fund to be modelled on Gujarat scheme
26. Fear and foreboding in South Block
27. Government proposes changes in BIS to ensure product quality, withdrawal of substandard goods
28. Narendra Modi government’s small reforms with big impact
29. For the first time in the history, IAS officers sacked in disproportionate assets case–39518.html
30. Centre clears revised norms for new airport bids in record time
31. PM launches unique web platform to get citizens’ ideas for governance
32. Govt dissolves Khadi commission
33. Narendra Modi government asks ‘Babus’ to declare assets on or before September 15–39747.html
34. Army Happy With ‘Quick’ Govt‘Quick’-Govt/2014/07/27/article2350296.ece
35. Modi Cabinet clears labour reform Bills
36. How Achche Din dawned for Std XI and XII students in Baramulla
37. Madhya Pradesh govt rehabs Bangla non-Muslims
38. Winds of change: Productivity of Lok Sabha climbs to 103%
39. Government tells states to build detention centers for illegal Bangladeshis
40. Cabinet clears amendments to Juvenile Justice Act paving way for harsher punishment
41. Cabinet approves bill for judicial appointment body
42. Administration Govt prepares bill to repeal 36 archaic laws Administration
43. 13 reasons to cheer Modi sarkar’s first Parliament session
44. 10 things that the Modi government is doing right
45. Budget session productivity hits a high of 104%
46. Bid to improve investment climate
47. Marriage registrations to go online from next month
48. New norms soon for PSU bank directors; CMD post to be split
49. National Investigation Agency ropes in Indian Statistical Institute for study on fake currency notes
50. 1 lakh per school to cover 10,000 schools.
51. INDIA MODI-fied: Volume-3; The First Propulsion
52. IRCTC to soon offer cash on delivery for rail tickets
53. 100-day delivery: Modi ready with infra report card
54. PM Modi sets up committee to identify ‘obsolete’ laws Manifesto Administration
55. .भारत (.Bharat) top-level domain launched
56. PM Modi’s big plan: Get education, medical & birth records online in a digital locker
57. Buoyed by PM Modi’s election win, economy set to clock highest growth in 2 years
58. 100 DAYS – A report card

59. Job creation to inspector raj, government did its work
60. Right and Radical The understated revolution of Prime Minister Narendra Modi
61. Modi gets Lutyens’ bungalows vacated in three months
62. Soon, single RTO visit will be sufficient Modi effect?
63. Favouritism in govt decisions down, India improves global rank Modi effect?
64. Jammu and Kashmir floods: Narendra Modi deploys successful Google app to find people
65. Power, water supplies snapped in houses of Ajit Singh, Azharuddin
66. Modi government promotes self attestation of documents
67. Non-essential drugs: NPPA withdraws price control order
68. Modi government launches website to track attendance of government employees
69. Center launches Air Quality Index
70. Narendra Modi government takes RTI to another level: All replies to be put online
71. Modi government cancels golf memberships for bureaucrats
72. Narendra Modi Cabinet to cut paper trail, go Kindle
73. What triggered the crackdown
74. When an “Aam Aadmi” exposed Journalist Mihir S Sharma
75. Top-level corruption’s down in Modi govt, fingers crossed: India Inc
76. Indian Railways launches country’s first customer complaint mobile app (IT)
77. Mispricing exports, imports may land you in jail for 7 years
78. Operation Smile: Rajnath Singh’s push helps recover 2500 missing children
79. PM launches multi-purpose and multi-modal platform PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation)
80. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approves innovative mechanism for utilization of stranded gas based generation capacity
81. Formation of SPV to provide efficient rail evacuation systems to Major Ports
82. Modi led NDA govt bypasses bid route, PGCIL to develop 20K MW green corridor
83. Reclaim your inoperative EPFO a/c money
84. Judicial reform proposals: Litigations to end in 3 to 5 years, summons to be sent by email
85. In Big Relief for Farmers, PM Modi Announces More Compensation for Crop Damage
86. Home Ministry freezes all 7 bank accounts of Greenpeace India
87. LPG cash transfer plan takes commercial cylinder sales up
88. PM Modi launches PRAGATI platform for redressal of grievances (DNA)
89. Ford Foundation put under MHA watch list in “national interest and security” of India
90. NaMo’s healing touch to Farmers – Direct Deposit of Relief to Jan Dhan Accounts
91. Govt cancels licences of 8,975 NGOs for failing to file annual returns
92. Bharat Mala: PM Narendra Modi’s planned Rs 14,000 crore road from Gujarat to Mizoram (ET)
93. Cabinet clears stronger anti-corruption Act
94. Prime Minister to Launch Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) AND The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) on 9th May 2015 at Kolkata
95. Narendra Modi government eases incorporation of business, process to take just 1 form starting today
96. Forest fund gets Rs 38,000 crore boost
97. India is in a much better place after one year of Modi rule
98. One Year Later, India In Better Shape Under Modi
99. One year of Modi government: A look at what does India Inc think
100. Entire Machinery of Indian Railways Geared up for Implementation Work
101. Govt goes after D-gang properties, to approach agencies abroad
102. Black Money Bill with more teeth gets Rajya Sabha approval
103. Switzerland begins naming Indians, foreigners being probed at home for tax evasion
104. Narendra Modi government booted out 460 leaders from Lutyens bungalows
105. How the PM dismantled the transfer-posting industry
106. Meet India’s chief human resources officer
107. Live paperless; keep sensitive data, documents safe in DigiLocker
108. With 1500 squatters kicked out from Lutyens bungalows, it might explain why its always Modi vs All
109 Govt pushes squatters out of Lutyens Bungalow Zone, only 4 left
110. Police verification no longer required for reissue of passports: Govt
111. Govt’s ultimatum to road developers: Perform or perish
112. 2,200 corrupt govt officials identified in 2015, CBI says
113. Narendra Modi government evicts record number of illegal occupants from Lutyens Delhi
114. Parrikar finds $3 bn lying forgotten in US account
115. India denies visas to US religious freedom body
116. FCI goes online, links 30 godowns in 1st phase
117. Big reform: Modi government plans to redeploy bureaucrats and reduce patronage postings
118. 15 customs and central excise personnel fired: Sacking signals crackdown on laggards
119. Modi government makes 8 lakh calls in 10 days to check success of four big schemes
120. The biggest ever fire sale of Indian corporate assets has begun, to tide over bad loans crisis
121. Blackmoney: Govt unearths indirect tax evasion of Rs 50,000 crore in two years
122. The Mauritius Loophole: The Story Of Its Origin And How India Finally Managed To Shut It Infrastructure
123. Rs. 43,000 Crore In Black Money Recovered In 2 Years: Revenue Secretary
124. Why PM Modi called this Tripura IAS officer at 10pm
125. PM Narendra Modi’s Cleanliness Drive Frees Up Space For 50 In His Office
126. Ford Foundation-govt stand-off ends as NGO agrees to come under Fema
127. Home Ministry freezes all 7 bank accounts of Greenpeace India
128. Govt to net Rs 10,000 crore from Swiss bank accounts by March-end: SIT
129. Swiss banks up black money vigil as India threatens criminal action
130. CBI raids P Chidambaram and son Karti’s residence in Chennai; Congress calls it political vendetta by BJP
131. Banking scam has UPA era roots
132. Modi Govt @ 4: How the Dread of Deadlines Revamped Sarkaari Offices
133. Private Sector Professionals Can Be Bureaucrats, 10 Senior Posts Open
134. Alternative to IAS? Modi govt opens lateral entry for professionals as Joint Secretaries; details here
135. Lateral Entry: Landmark step by Modi govt to equip bureaucracy for challenges and opportunities
136. Nirav Modi scam: PNB, Allahabad Bank boards may decide on further action against EDs, MD
137. Fraud-hit PNB’s bad loan recovery of over Rs 7,700 cr in first quarter tops FY18 level, says bank official
138. ED chargesheet against Sterling Biotech director in bank loan fraud case PNB
139. Fraud: CBI arrests Nirav Modi’s associates from Ajmer
140. Vijay Mallya’s lenders secure UK court win in bid to recover dues
141. Government charts plan to stop loan defaulters from taking flight http:////
142. Lalu gets 14 yrs in jail in fodder scam: You reap what you sow, says BJP
143. What The SC Said About Jayalalithaa: She Was The Source Of Funds For Shell Companies
144. Chidambaram Now an Accused in Aircel Maxis Case, Says CBI Pressured to Make Preposterous Charges
145. India orders all Mother Teresa care homes inspected
146. पनामा पेपर्स: 1140 करोड़ रुपए की अघोषित संपत्ति मिली, 16 भारतीयों पर मुकदमा दर्ज
147. Rs 100-cr cash, 90-kg bullion recovered after I-T raids on Tamil Nadu contracting firm
148. Panama Papers: Income Tax Raids Several Locations In Delhi-NCR
149. DK Shivakumar Case: Income Tax Department Conducts Raids At 10 Locations
150. I-T raids on TN Health Minister, others yield Rs 4.5 crore
151. Rs 3-4 lakh crore of evaded income deposited in banks post demonetisation
152. Demonetisation: Income Tax department seizes Rs 3,185 crore black money, Rs 86 crore in new notes
153. Massive IT raids across country: New, old currency seized in Bengaluru, Panjim, Faridabad, 4 arrested
154. Ease of Doing Business rankings: India makes highest-ever jump to rank 100 out of 190 countrie
155. How Insolvency And Bankruptcy Reforms Are Helping Clean Up The NPA Mess
156. Govt eyes bankruptcy reform to ease decades of gridlock
157. Six-month limit likely to declare firms bankrupt
158. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has begun to transform the Indian NPA resolution process and its credit culture
159. Narendra Modi govt set to unleash major labour reforms push
160. FDI tide turns in India’s favour
161. List of Income Tax raids in Dec 2016 after demonetisation.
162. ‘No Question, Only Thanks’: Opposition Praise For Sushma Swaraj
163. 1,159 obsolete laws scrapped by Modi govt; 1,301 junked in previous 64 years
164. Goodbye, old laws: Modi government scraps 1,200 redundant Acts, 1,824 more identified for repeal
165. Section 377: Government leaves decision to the wisdom of the Supreme Court
166. Mind-boggling! Passport Seva mobile app downloaded a million times within two days
167. NDA’s ambitious financial inclusion plan Jan Dhan Yojana launched, claims to benefit 1 crore on Day 1 Manifesto
168. NaMo’s healing touch to Farmers – Direct Deposit of Relief to Jan Dhan Accounts
169. Jan Dhan scheme: LPG subsidy transfer sees zero-balance a/cs drop below 50%
170. PMJDY zero balance accounts have fallen below 40% now, from the original high of almost 80
171. Polavaram is reaping the Jan Dhan benefit
172. Jan Dhan Yojana 5.37 crore bank a/cs. Deposits grow from Rs 4.27 lakh to Rs 27,000 crore in a year
173. Deposits in Jan Dhan accounts cross Rs 30,000 cr
174. Why Jan-Dhan Yojana is gaining currency in Uttar Pradesh & West Bengal
175. Swachh Bharat Mission: A remarkable transformation
176. Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Would Result In Averting More Than 3 Lakh Deaths By October 2019, Says WHO
177. Swachh Bharat offers a bonanza for India Inc
178. Swachh Bharat mission: World’s largest toilet-building initiative drives sales of sanitaryware, hygiene products
179. Sanitation coverage in rural India under Swachh Bharat rises to 85%
180. समय से पहले सरकार ने पूरा किया उज्ज्वला का लक्ष्य, सुमित्रा महाजन ने सौंपा 5 करोड़वां कनेक्शन
181. 5 cr free gas connections target completed before deadline: Pradhan
182. Ground Report: Ujjwala Yojana shows the clean way in Hingoli
183. A Total Of 1.17 crore LPG Connections Released Under PMUY This Fiscal
184. India approved strong net neutrality rules
185. A welcome move: On India’s net neutrality regulations
186. Centre to introduce fortified rations in 118 target districts
187. Millet Mission to promote nutrient-rich cereals; ₹800-crore outlay on the cards
188. 11 farm schemes, with over ₹33,000-cr outlay, merged
189. Rs 33,000 crore boost to agriculture: Here’s how Modi plans to double farmers’ income by 2022
190. Power capacity addition at record 22,566 MW in past 1 year: Goyal
191. How government’s LED bulb push is helping save Rs 2.71 crore every day
192. LED lamps light Irulanchandai village
193. Work in 1/3rd of unelectrified 18,000 villages over: Piyush Goyal
194. How Narendra Modi is getting India to save on electricity
195. For the first time in history, India will not have power deficit situation in FY17
196. Prices of LED bulbs drop to Rs 38
197.States sell Rs 100,000 cr of electricity bonds in first 3 weeks: Goyal
198. Powering a transformation in India: Here is how to deliver 24/7 affordable power in every household
199. Inside India’s epic effort to bring electricity to millions of people for the first time
200. India is now the world’s third-largest electricity producer
201. The welfare effects of rural electrification
202. The Great Construction Boom
203. The biggest solar parks in the world are now being built in India
204. Five of the world’s top 10 solar parks are coming up in India, says report
205. 100% Neem Coating of Urea improves Soil Health, boosts Yields and curbs Diversion: DACFW Study
206. Centre unveils faster-maturing pulses variety
207. Amid China Standoff, India Hits Pedal on Border Road Construction After Delay
208. Forest ministry greenlights faster, simpler clearances; defence, roads get priority
209. Road Min approves over Rs 40,000 crore highway projects
210.Gadkari zips on development flyway
211. No toll for projects under construction
212. Bharat Mala: PM Narendra Modi’s planned Rs 14,000 crore road from Gujarat to Mizoram (ET)
213. Centre to develop 15,000 km of national highway at Rs 1.9 lakh crore
214. Government to upgrade eight National Highways to world class express highways
215. Govt’s ultimatum to road developers: Perform or perish
216. In 2015-16, record 6,029km of highways constructed
217. Road construction picks up 36% this year
218. Once a month, PM Narendra Modi steps in to revive stalled projects
219. Nitin Gadkari announces Rs 10,000 crore projects for Nagaland
220. Infrastructure development top priority: PM
221. Surge in award of projects puts road construction in top gear
222. Roads lead the way in government spending
223. Govt gives ultimatum to road developers on stalled projects
224. As Modi Triples Spending, India Road Stocks Cheer With 73% Rally
225. Govt approves Rs 34,000-cr road projects in Feb; Rs 6k-cr today
226. Land acquisition pace up after enhanced compensation: Nitin Gadkari
227. Center sets up dedicated funding agency for roads, ports
228. India built 2,979 km of highways in quarter; govt optimistic on achieving target
229. Nitin Gadkari keen to achieve 40 km a day road construction target
230. NDA beats UPA, rolls out roads faster
231. India Is Building New Roads at a Breakneck Pace
232. Roads to all China border posts soon, says Rajnath Singh

 I’ve always been interested in Indian defence issues, so this is the first article in this series. Most of data and other posts in this series are indexed here.
To be honest, almost anyone apart from regime which had a sloth like AK Antony is an improvement for Indian defence needs. Almost every aspect of Indian defence sector ranging from acquisitions, research, management, border issues suffered immeasurably under UPA government. There were huge bribery scandals, no arms, ammunition, lots of acrimony involving defence personnel and further strengthening of perception of India as a soft state. To list all of those scams, most of them going in to hundreds of crores each will require a whole book, so not listing those here. On the other hand,  NDA government has done some really good work under guidance of Manohar Parrikar and Nirmala Sitaraman  There have been some long pending reforms and good actions in a short amount of time. Another good thing so far is that there have been no bribery scandals or slowdown in process due to fear of it which were the norm in previous regimes.
Akash surface to air missile

Akash surface to air missile

A. Defence Manufacturing and Acquisition


Points 9/10.
Defence manufacturing has been a weak point for India and we’ve been dependent on a number of extremely and unreliable weapon suppliers for our needs. Government, defence laboratories, state owned manufactures and Indian armed forces are equally responsible for the mess over the years. The reforms in this field have been very good under Manohar Parrikar and now Sitaraman.  A number of long pending projects have been cleared, private sector is being involved at a much greater scale and money being spent for our defence needs is staying within country. Modi’s Make In India has been a positive factor. All these steps have enabled India to save 1 lakh crore in defence sector. 1* This has been made possible by a number of steps aimed at involving private industry in a much bigger way. One of the major long pending steps was transfer of technology from government owned research labs to industry which happened for first time. 2* 4*
  1.  As mentioned above, local defence manufacturing by local private players has received lot of support. A number of Indian companies are now manufacturing all of or major components for missiles, small arms, howitzers, vehicles and various other equipments.  1* 2* 4*
  2. Issue of critical ammunition shortfall has been addressed by giving greater autonomy to armed forces, revamping production at OFB and setting up of private manufacturing plants.  – 3
  3.  Local weapon systems like Akash Surface to Air Missile, 4*  Light Combat Aircraft Tejas fighter 5* and Nag Anti Tank Guided Missile (ATGM) 6* have received much better and their long pending induction in armed forces expedited.
  4.  Development and manufacturing of small arms in India has received a major boost in last 4 years. A number of locally designed and made guns have already been inducted in various state police and paramilitary forces .11* 12* 13* 14* 15*
  5.  Long pending acquisitions and upgrades of essential items for soldiers like armour, helmets and guns have been approved.  Induction of these items was pending for decades. 7* 8* 16* 17*
  6.  Critical issue of shortage of artillery guns has been solved by fast track development and induction of various Indian as well as foreign systems. These have been the first induction of artillery by Indian army since Bofors howitzer in 1986.  18* 19* 20* 21* 22* 23* 24*
  7.  Long pending and seemingly dead deal for India Air Force MRCA (Dassault Rafale) finally signed at good terms. -79*
  1.  Some of essential projects like Arjun are still stuck due to battles between Army and DRDO.  In my opinion based on available open source information, army is being very unreasonable here. 25*
  2.  A number of naval projects like  submarines, Vikrant aircraft carrier, ships are delayed and seemingly no steps have been taken to rectify sub-par performance of local shipyards. 26* 27* 28*
  3.  Project for next generation of Infantry Combat Vehicles ( to replace BMP) has made very slow progress.  29*
A C-130 Hercules in a newly commissioned Advanced Landing Grounds

A C-130 Hercules in a newly commissioned Advanced Landing Grounds

B. Terrorism, Border and Internal security


Points 7/10.
This seems to be another field in which Modi government has done much better than previous regimes, but still fall shorts of expectations. Everyone already knows about some big actions like surgical strikes against terrorist camps in Pakistan and Myanmar. Home Minister Rajnath Singh faces regular abuse on social media for various reasons, but his work has proven that he is one of better ministers that this department has seen for quite some time. Some good work has been done to contain Maoists inside Indian hinterland. For the first time, civilian financiers and moles whose support enables Islamic terrorism in J&K have been targeted on such a large scale.  But there are still a  few issues which have not been addressed completely.
  1. Cross border strikes against terrorist targets in Pakistan and Myanmar have sent a strong message and raised morale.35* 36* 37* . There have been various other small scale operations against pakis which haven’t received that much coverage. 38*
  2.  Area under Maoist influence has shrunk quite a bit. Good intelligence work, better connect with locals and coordination between different state police forces and paramilitary forces has yielded good results. 30* 31* 32* 33* 34*
  3.  Indian Army and BSF have been given  greater autonomy to handle mischief by Pakis at border. It has yielded some good results and raised confidence of soldiers. Even BSF is regularly bashing up Paki posts which fire or try to insert terrorists. Pakis have now begged to enforce 2003 ceasefire agreement again. 39* 40* 41* 52*
  4. Overground workers, financiers and various other supporters of muslim terrorists in J&K have been raided and arrested not just in the state, but outside too. 42* 43* 44* 45*
  5. Shelters, aid and other facilities to victims of cross border shelling by pakis is being provided. It’s still not enough, but is first step for a long pending need. 55*
  6. Border issues with China have seen India get a bit more vocal and assertive compared to previous incidents. It has not been perfect, but still better than what we used to see earlier. Steps are being taken to reduce Chinese advantages like construction of border roads,  raising of dedicated military units and airfields 65* 66* 67* 68* 69* 70*
  7. One of the biggest improvements is visible in number of terrorist attacks and resulting causalities. Since 2014, there has been a massive drop in number of terrorist incidents in India outside J&K. 80* 81*
  1. This regime isn’t immune to appeasement policies when it comes to muslims leading to stupid decisions like ceasefire during ramzan. There have been some good successes against armed terrorists in Kashmir but issue of unarmed terrorists like the type who pelt stones and their supporters has not been adequately addressed.46*. After terrorist attack in Pathankot, we invited Pakistanis for a so called joint investigation. 48*
  2. Khalistani militants continue to make noise and try to be a nuisance in some foreign countries. They have not been countered effectively. 47*
  3. Resettlement of Kashmiri Hindus back in Kashmir is still not done. Very few steps have been taken to ensure that the displaced Hindus get their properties back 53* 54*
  4. Issue of illegal immigrants from Bangladesh and Myanmar has been a major failure. They have been allowed to settle in many parts of India and existing ones have not been deported. 50* 51*
  5. No progress of taking PoK back or support of locals there against paki hegemony.
  6. Forces involved in counter insurgency operations should have received better moral support from the government. Admittedly, it is just a point of view, but there have been incidents where soft jihadi Mufti regime in J&K (of which BJP is a part) has tried to implicate and harass security forces in fake cases. With BJP as partner in the govt, people had expected much stricter action against jihadi kashmiri muslims. But Mufti and her colleagues seem to be in control of administration. 76* 77*

C. Other Defence Issues

Points 7/10
This section is for other issues related to Indian defence like government policies related to defence, handling of grievances and so on. For the abuse BJP gets from left-liberal circles for being regressive, a lot of pioneering work has been done like much greater participation of women in defence including path breaking combat roles. We also got our first female Minister of Defence and so far she has done an excellent job. There have been some good developments and for some aspects, things have remained the same if not worse.
  1. For the first time, women are being given combat roles in Air Force, Coast Guard and various other branches like Assam Rifles.  56* 57* 58* 59*
  2. One Rank One Pension has been rolled out. It is not perfect and the events leading up to it’s implementation were avoidable. But the basic work has been done and the veterans have started to receive their dues. 60* 61* 62*
  3. Indian Ministry Of Defence has decided to not challenge disability pension for soldiers. 63*
  1. There has been very little progress in resolving the issue of disparity between pay of civilian and military officers. 64*
  2. Some stupid decisions like opening up of cantonment roads for civilian traffic 71* 72* which was later reversed. 73*
  3. Spending on defence has not been up to expectations. 75*
  4. Arun Jaitley was given additional charge of defence ministry for quite some time. These departments need two separate heads, not a single person juggling the two jobs. 74*


So far, this regime has been one of the best ones for Indian defence sector. As mentioned above, it is not perfect and a lot still needs to be done in due time.As far as the shortcomings are concerned, there are some very sore points like handling of illegal immigrants and civilian jihadis in Kashmir.  But even the detractors and people with very high expectations should be reasonably happy with the performance so far.




1. Modi’s Make in India just saved Rs 1 lakh crore in defence sector.
4.  We have given nearly 300 transfer of technologies in the last three years
7. Defence ministry’s Rs 16,000-crore arms buy: 7.40 lakh assault rifles, 5,719 sniper rifles for Indian forces
17. After 9-Year Wait, Indian Soldiers To Finally Get Bulletproof Jackets
21. Know all about Indian Army’s latest self-propelled gun K9 VAJRA-T 155mm/ 52 calibre howitzer
22. India’s Fastest Deal: #MakeInIndia K-9 Guns To Start Deliveries In 11 Months
24. First five Indian M777 howitzers to enter service in September
26. Aircraft carrier Vikrant to be commissioned by 2020
29. Army’s combat vehicle project gets green signal Read more at:
32. Maoists area of influence shrinks; 44 districts removed from affected list: Union Home Secretary
34. Echo from the hills of Chhattisgarh: ‘We are the first Bastariya Battalion
35. India Claims ‘Surgical Strikes’ Across Line of Control in Kashmir
37.India carries out ‘surgical strikes’ against Pakistan after Kashmir attack
38. Revenge of ‘The Fallen’ – Part 1
41. India-Pak thaw: Both agree to follow ceasefire on LoC in letter and spirit
48. Pathankot attack probe: What made Govt invite Pakistan, asks Parliamentary Panel
51.  Deport Bangladeshi Immigrants Along With Rohingyas Within a Year: PIL in SC
54. Resettlement of Kashmiri Hindus – The inside story and The way forward
57. In A First, Indian Coast Guard Deploys Female Officers In Combat Roles
61. Revised Pensionary benefits under OROP released to over Two Lakh Defence Pensioners
64. Military-civil rift over rank and pay parity likely to widen: Sources
65. Roads to all China border posts soon, says Rajnath Singh Union home minister
66. Chinese and Indian troops face off in Bhutan border dispute
68. Amid China Standoff, India Hits Pedal on Border Road Construction After Delay
69. India to Add Seven More Advanced Airfields Near Border With China
76. Army orders court of inquiry against Major Nitin Leetul Gogoi
77. Major Leetul Gogoi raided our home at night: Mother of woman at hotel
78. J-K govt to move court for pardons of 4,961 stone-pelters
79. India, France ink €7.87 billion agreement for 36 Rafales€7.87-billion-agreement-for-36-Rafales/article14995775.ece
80. 2017: The Zero Death Year!
81. India Fatalities: 1994-2018

9th Part of BJP Government Achievements , Links 801 to 900. 1st,  2nd, 3rd, 4th5th6th 7th8th and 9th Parts.

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