There’s been a lot of noise about what happened in Balakot on 26th Feb 2019 and on LoC on 27th Feb. There were lots of claims from both sides but nothing definite. Indian officials were tight lipped and issued only terse statements , while Pakistanis released one statement after another. Media reports from both sides were as usual quite trashy and more noise than substance. In all this noise, there were some recordings, witness statements and less publicised events which provide some hints about what actually happened. There is some new information  coming out almost every day and it’s a difficult task to do detailed fact checks and connect all the dots. Following is an attempt to find some answers based upon some of the facts which are seemingly true.  This part covers just the Balakot strikes on 26th Feb. If I have some time, I’ll write something about events of next day.

26th Feb. 2:55 am  : A Indian Air Force strike team consisting solely of  Mirage 2000 fighter jets attacked a JeM terrorist training camp in Balakot in Khyber Phaktunwa province across international border. There were reports of 2 other targets, Chakoti and Muzaffarabad in Pakistan being hit, but no confirmations from either side. But both sides are in agreement that Balakot was bombed.  

India announced the attacks later in the day via an official statement made by Vijay Gokhale, Secretary, Ministry of External Affairs

Pakistani Claims:

Pakistanis on the other hand made a number of mutually contradictory claims.

  1. “Pakistani National Security Committee strongly rejected Indian claim of targeting an alleged terrorist camp near Balakot and the claim of heavy casualties. Once again Indian government has resorted to a self-serving, reckless and fictitious claim,” 1* 2*
  2. Pakistan foreign minister Qureshi said “multi-dimensional intrusion” had been attempted by the Indian fighter jets early on Tuesday. “But the intervention by Pakistani jets forced them to return back within minutes,” he said. The minister dismissed the notion that Pakistan Air Force jets were late in responding to the Indian attack, saying the planes were “ready” and “air-borne”. 2*
  3. Director-general of Pakistan’s Inter Services Public Relations, Maj. Gen. Asif Ghafoor, said India had “attempted” to send its combat air patrols (CAPs) “first from the Lahore-Sialkot sector” and they were “challenged” by Pakistani CAP. “They tried to enter from Bahawalpur-Okara and were forced to go back,” he said. According to Ghafoor, “the third (Indian) CAP which was bigger in number made it from Muzaffarabad and they were challenged and were forced to return”. 2*
  4. Pakistani Army confirmed attack on Twitter with pictures of craters outside the terrorist training facility. They claimed that bombs missed target and damaged only one civilian who suffered a gash on his forehead and a few trees.  “Payload of hastily escaping Indian aircrafts fell in open.”

  5. This video shows house of a local “civilian” close to the terrorist camp. It is a bit odd as it shows a small crater about 25-30 meters downhill and narrator claims that the whole house has been severely damaged.

Actual Proofs:

Following are some videos and pictures which tell a different story.

  1. This video was uploaded on 8th March by a Pakistani media outlet. It shows a senior Pakistani army officer in a village meeting consoling family members of some (200) dead people. Some roughly translated lines below:

Whoever fights alongside rulers of land in name of jihad is fighting for jihad.

Yesterday 200 people died. It was written in their fate, not ours.

Your father is not dead, he is alive. We don’t call him dead,

So this Pakistani army man is definitely admitting that 200 or more “good jihadis” got killed in one go.

2. Indian government and armed forces have release very little information till now. Maybe it’ll change later as it did with Uri strikes. But as of now, one major statement made is that Indian intelligence had detected around 300 mobile phone signals in the terrorist camp. 4*

3. Following interview with some locals deflate official Pakistani claims

a. Access to whole area has been completely blocked off for outsiders as well as locals.

b. Pakistani authorities are prohibiting any information leaks. For this, they’ve blocked internet, enforced no go zones and are actively warning people against talking to anyone.

What Happened :

Following are my guesses based upon available information:

  1. IAF Mirage 2000s did attack atleast one target at Balakot. Other two possible targets were Chakoti and Muzaffarabad. Both are near to LoC in J&K
  2. Earlier reports said that terrorist camp was hit using “1000 kg bombs”. Later it was revealed to be Spice, which is actually a guidance kit for 2000, 1000 and 500 pound bombs in Indian inventory. I believe that it was Spice 1000 used for 1000 lbs (450 kg) bombs which can have 200 kgs of high explosives. A single 1000 kg bomb will have around 450 kgs of explosives which will blow off most of hill top. Considering that avoiding collateral damage was one major mission objective, it’s unlikely that 1000 kg bombs were used.
  3. According to local witness accounts, 4-5 bombs were dropped. It should be pretty obvious that these smart bombs usually don’t miss. Even if we believe story of that single injured civilian whose house was damaged, there are still 3-4 other bombs which found their mark. Their impact points have not been made public by Pakistan and access blocked off.
  4. There have been atleast 200 causalities including some terrorists, their trainers as well as regular Pakistani army. Pakistan is doing everything in it’s power to hide it. We’ll have to wait for more information to be released by Indian government to have a reasonably accurate number and actual impact.


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Name: Mushaf Airbase. IATA Code: BHW

Type: Major Pakistan Air Force base and nuclear weapons storage site.

Location: Sargodha, Punjab, Pakistan.

Coordinates: 32°02′34″N  72°40′43″E

Comments: PAF base Mushaf in Sargodha, Punjab is one of more important military establishments for multiple reasons:

  1. It is Central air command of PAF. It also houses Combat Commanders School which has Skybolts flying Dassault Mirage 111/5 and Dashings currently flying Chengdu F.7P. These can be seen parked out in open often.
  2. Number 9 and 19 Squadrons with F-16A/B Block 15. Unlike Mirage and F7 mentioned above, F-16s spend most of their time in hardened shelters.
  3. Number 24 Squadron flying Electronic Warfare aircraft based on French Dassault Falcon 20 airframe.
  4. A large number of Pakistani nuclear warheads and missiles like M-11 are stored here.
PAF Mushaf, 176 km from IB
PAF Airbase Mushaf in Sargodha, Punjab province of Pakistan. , 176 km from IB
PAF Mushaf, old aircraft
old aircraft, probably for display
PAF Mushaf, old aircraft on display
Old aircraft on display
PAF Mushaf, PAF Mushaf, Some transport aircraft parked in open
Some transport and quite a few fighter planes are almost always visible here
Same place, Snapshot from 2008
Same place, Snapshot from 2008
Supposedly residential colony near aircraft shelters
Supposedly residential colony near aircraft shelters
Reinforced aircraft shelters
Reinforced aircraft shelters
Aircraft shelters 1
Aircraft shelters 1
Looks like reinforced storage area
Looks like reinforced storage area
Possible SAM sites
Possible SAM sites
Air defence site
Air defence site
Some hangars and possibly underground storage
Some hangars and possibly underground storage
Heavily fortified bunkers. Possible weapon storage
Heavily fortified bunkers. Possible weapon storage
PAF Mushaf, Sargodha, runways
PAF Mushaf, Sargodha, runways
Radar site
Radar site. Administrative buildings are on lower left side. Bigger complex is not visible in this picture.
Possible SAM site (2)
Possible SAM site
Pakistani PM posing with some pilots in front of a F-16 parked outside it’s hardened shelter.
Another view of the shelters.

Index Post

Name: Lora Lai. City: Lora Lai. Airport name: Lora Lai. IATA code: LRG

Type: Airstrip and a few helipads.

Location: Balochistan, Pakistan

Coordinates: 30°21′50″N  68°36′54″E

Comments: This seems to be a pretty nondescript patch of land with only a few interesting features. Runway length is 900 m, which makes it pretty unusable for most combat aircraft. There seems to be no civilian infrastructure or civil flights. This is more like a big village or a very small town.

Only interesting thing that I was able to find that Lora Lai is one of primary training centers for Frontier Corps which is mostly involved in operations in Balochistan.

Lora Lai distance from IB 316km
Lora Lai distance from IB 316km
Lora Lai Pakistan
Lora Lai Pakistan
Lora Lai military hospital
Lora Lai military hospital
Lora Lai helipads
Lora Lai helipads
Lora Lai FC training center
Lora Lai FC training center
Lora Lai airstrip 900m
Lora Lai airstrip 900m
Lora Lai cantt
Lora Lai cantt

Index Post

I had an Adruino kit lying around for a long time but never did anything with it. Few days back I bought a few sensors and started to build a pollution sensor system consisting of atleast two sensors for now and multiple ways of monitoring. I don’t know any programing and most of the code is copied from different sources and modified wherever required to suit my requirements. As I worked, it became clear that it is not as easy job, so this project is going to be split in to multiple steps.

This project uses two different sensors, a simple MQ135 and a Sharp GP2Y1010. Data sheets are easily available on internet, but for quick reading here are short descriptions:

MQ135: It is a simple sensor used to measure presence of some common pollutants like NH3, NOx, Alcohol, Benzene, Smoke, CO2.  It has 4 pins, two for power supply and 2 for analog and digital readings.

Sharp GP2Y1010 is an optical dust sensor which measures the volume of suspended dust particles in air by using a LED and phototransistor. It has 6 pins.

Adruino pollution sensor project with MQ135 and Sharp GP2Y1010


1 POWER SUPPLY: As of now, Adruino is powered by a USB cable connected to PC. I also have a 9V compatible power supply which can be used once it’s disconnected from PC. I have a old powered USB hub which I plan to use in order to supply a 5V supply later to some components which will be added later. This may be necessary as some components seem to require a bit more power than what is good for accurate readings.

2. ADRUINO : A basic Adruino Uno board.

3. BASE: As of now, I am using breadboard for prototyping stage. If everything goes well, I may rebuild it in a more permanent way.

4. OUTPUT: All the output is being sent to Serial Monitor of Arduino programming interface. A LCD screen and an internet server interface will be added later.

Sharp GP2Y1010 Configuration

  • Pin 1 – Connected to +ve of 220 microF capacitor. -ve of capacitor connected to ground. A 150 Ohm resistor connected to 5 V.
  • Pin 2 – Connected to  -ve of capacitor
  • Pin 3 – Connected to D11 on Adruino
  • Pin 4 – Connected to ground.
  • Pin 5 – Connected to A0 on Adruino
  • Pin 6 – Connected to 5V


int measurePin = 0; // Connected to pin 3
int ledPower = 11;  // Connected to pin 5
int samplingTime = 280;
int deltaTime = 40;
int sleepTime = 9680;
float voMeasured = 0;
float calcVoltage = 0;
float dustDensity = 0;
void setup(){
void loop(){
  digitalWrite(ledPower,LOW); // power on the LED
  voMeasured = analogRead(measurePin); // read the dust value
  digitalWrite(ledPower,HIGH); // turn the LED off
  // 0 – 5V mapped to 0 – 1023 integer values
  // recover voltage
  calcVoltage = voMeasured * (5.0 / 1024);
  // linear eqaution taken from
  dustDensity = 0.17 * calcVoltage – 0.1;
  Serial.print(“Raw Signal Value (0-1023): “);
  Serial.print(” – Voltage: “);
  Serial.print(” – Dust Density: “);


  • 20:41:58.934 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 180.00 – Voltage: 0.88 – Dust Density: 0.05
  • 20:41:59.950 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 190.00 – Voltage: 0.93 – Dust Density: 0.06
  • 20:42:00.967 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 175.00 – Voltage: 0.85 – Dust Density: 0.05
  • 20:42:01.981 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 182.00 – Voltage: 0.89 – Dust Density: 0.05
  • 20:42:02.996 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 175.00 – Voltage: 0.85 – Dust Density: 0.05
  • 20:42:04.009 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 174.00 – Voltage: 0.85 – Dust Density: 0.04
  • 20:42:05.025 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 173.00 – Voltage: 0.84 – Dust Density: 0.04
  • 20:42:06.036 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 162.00 – Voltage: 0.79 – Dust Density: 0.03
  • 20:42:07.081 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 176.00 – Voltage: 0.86 – Dust Density: 0.05
  • 20:42:08.096 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 170.00 – Voltage: 0.83 – Dust Density: 0.04

As the voltage level fluctuates the dust density readings change accordingly. I burnt a small piece of paper to see if reading schange and they did.


To get maximum values, I inserted a piece of rolled paper to block the sensor. Voltage readings jump to their maximum value, 3.69 volts and output dust reading is 0.53 at it’s maximum corresponding value.

  • 20:43:33.582 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 755.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:34.598 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 756.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:35.645 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 755.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:36.659 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 755.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:37.673 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 755.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:38.688 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 756.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53
  • 20:43:39.704 -> Raw Signal Value (0-1023): 755.00 – Voltage: 3.69 – Dust Density: 0.53

MQ135 Pollution Sensor Configuration

  • Vcc – To 5 V
  • GND –  To Ground
  • A – To A1
  • D – Not connected


int sensorValue;
int digitalValue;
void setup()

Serial.begin(9600); // sets the serial port to 9600
void loop()
sensorValue = analogRead(1); // read analog input pin 1
Serial.println(sensorValue, DEC); // prints the value read
Serial.println(digitalValue, DEC);
delay(1000); // wait 100ms for next reading


  • 22:40:14.593 -> 105
  • 22:40:14.593 -> 1
  • 22:40:15.608 -> 105
  • 22:40:15.608 -> 1
  • 22:40:16.589 -> 105
  • 22:40:16.589 -> 1
  • 22:40:17.607 -> 104
  • 22:40:17.607 -> 1
  • 22:40:18.589 -> 104


By themselves, both sensors work fine. The readings seem to be consistent with environmental conditions and change with changing level of pollutants like smoke.


  1. Attach a LCD screen and output the reading directly to it without use of PC.
  2. Adding and configuring a WiFi module to upload data to an online monitoring application.


  1. There is a noticeable change in readings if both sensors are used at same time. Adruino doesn’t seem to be able to supply same amount of voltage to multiple components. It will affect readings adversely when more components like LCD screen are added. Perhaps use of a separate power source, like a powered USB hub supplying 5 V will help.
  2. I don’t know of any way to properly calibrate the sensors. These are just the raw readings and may not be entirely accurate. I have not figured out a way to address this issue yet.

More in next post.

Life style habits of an average citizen who is very concerned about the environment and effects of Diwali fireworks:

1. Water : Pre-packaged bottled water. Plastic bottle thrown away after one use. Single use plastic cups in offices and elsewhere. Because carrying water from home or filter is too inconvenient.

2. Fruit & Vegetables : Usually bought from departmental stores which wrap them nicely in styrofoam and plastic sheets. Will not buy it from normal vendors because packaging looks better and “retains freshness”.

3. Favourite food : Definitely going to eat meat. Vegetarian food is so boring. Who cares about stress on environment due to meat industry ! Food : Home delivered in plastic containers. Thrown away the same day. Milk, Bought in plastic bags.

4. Transport : Mostly more polluting diesel engined cars bought because it is cheaper than petrol. Minimal use of public transport. Because walking and public transport is for poor.

5. Love for trees : Never planted a tree whole life. Paid bribes to govt departments just to cut down the trees in front of house to get extra space for parking. Also because trees shed too many leaves and have to pay sweeper extra to remove those.

6. Plants at home: Almost all fake, made of plastic. Because real plants require too much care and effort.

7. Shopping : Will always demand a polythene bag for every purchase. Because carrying own bag is so uncool.

But bursting fireworks on Diwali on night is more polluting than 365 days of such touching concern for environment.

One has to be a special type of hypocrite to whine so much while doing so little.

This is my 2nd article in the series of articles which  analyse the work of Modi government starting from 2014 till present date. This one is about administration and governance. Unlike the first one on defence, it is not that binary and there are quite a few gray areas and is subject to opinions as much it is to facts. For example, I like how NGOs have been brought under tougher checks and a lot of such organisations have been forced to shut shop. But quite a few people view it as unfair. Additionally, there is an overlap between governance issues and various others like economy, foreign policy etc. In this article, focus will will be on the work done or changes in way of working of central government ministries and departments. Some of these will be mentioned in next article which will be about economy issues.

1. Steps for leaner, responsive and more efficient government.

This is the most obvious, yet hardest things to do for any regime. All the decisions made by the politically elected government are implemented by officials who usually see multiple such governments come and go through their service. It is next to impossible to fire or even penalise them for even gross incompetence. Any reform in their way of working is extremely hard and takes years of sustained effort. Political and ideological differences even among ministers also play their part. Then there are politicians who have a mutually beneficial nexus with such officials even when they are out of power. Some of the first steps taken by Modi regime was to break this nexus and it seems to have succeeded partially. But there is still a long way to go.


 Govt pushes squatters out of Lutyens Bungalow Zone, only 4 left

Squatters from govt properties removed

1. Officials working for central government have been forced to work much harder, so much so that many now view these prestigious jobs as punishment postings. Many non-performing officers have been disciplined and even sacked, a first. 1* 2* 29* 68* 112* 118* 132*
2. Even serving ministers have been forced to adopt austerity measures. Some examples are no new vehicles, reduced travel expenses 11*13* 71* 125*
3. Influence of foreign interests, corporates and their lobbyists has been severely curtailed. Many “powerful” people who had a lot of influence in various ministries and govt departments now don’t have insider knowledge or influence over decision making. 26* 63* 75*
4. Many politicians squatting on government properties have been forced to vacate them. List of more than 1500 such squatters includes many former ministers, MLAs, MPs and many so called artists, inetellectuals who have been staying in govt allotted properties long after their time was over. Even BJP run state governments have evacuated have evacuated former CMs and MLAs. 61* 65* 104* 108* 109* 113*
5. Business of paid for postings and transfers in many central govt departments has been severely curtailed. 7* 105*
6. Many useless posts have been abolished and major departments downsized and streamlined. Often posts like this were used to accommodate officials in high paying post-retirement postings.4* 117*
7. There is much greater communication between government and people. Many ministers and even PM office interact with common citizens on Twitter among other platforms. 124* 119*
8. Options opened for direct entry of domain experts in to government departments. 133* 134* 135*
9. Various measures taken to improve business climate like curtailment of harassment by various inspectors, passing of bankruptcy law, steps to improve ease of doing business among many others. It resulted in India making a record jump in ease of doing business index in 2017 and broke in to top 100 for first time. 3* 10* 12* 23* 46* 59* 66* 72* 154* 155* 156* 158* 159* 160*
10. A very large number of old, archaic laws removed. Latest one under consideration (July 2018) in Supreme Court is article 377, removal of which will lead to decriminalisation of homo-sexuality. 1159 such redundant laws removed in just 2 years. 42* 163* 164* 165*


1. Attempts to clean up bureaucracy and red tape need more will. In 4 years, there have not been many deep reforms in functioning of most govt departments, as far as corruption and delays are concerned. Then there have been some seemingly counter-productive measures like the one which makes it harder to investigate a govt servant.
2. For most part, BJP ruled states have not shown enough initiative and willingness for reforms as was expected of them.

SCORE: 6.5/10

There are some measures like removing squatters from palatial govt properties, attempted reforms in beuraucracy

2.Corruption and black money.

Before anyone starts “where are my 15 lakh which Modi promised”, kindly watch this video.

Recovering black money was one of the major poll promises of BJP and they have made fairly good progress on some fronts while it lacks on others.. As it happened, cleanups also unearthed huge scams in bank loans in which UPA regime gave away loans to numerous people who never meant to pay those back. This has proven to be one of the biggest scams in history and many big industrialists and UPA politicians including former Finance Minister Chidambaram have been implicated. Many of them have ran away from India to escape persecution. Apart from that, even after their best efforts, all the opposition parties and their followers have been unable to find a single corruption charge against Modi regime till date.

Action against corruption and black money

Action against corruption and black money

Demonetisation, however controversial it may be, has enabled recovery of untaxed income worth thousands of crores which would have never happened except for drastic measure like this. Implementation of GST was not perfect, but it has led to streamlined taxation process with reduced leakage, This link contains list of some income tax raids done immediately after demonetisation.


1. Huge scam in banking sector in which loans worth thousands of crores were given away without proper checks under influence of UPA ministers unearthed. Number of industrialists, bank officials and politicians are implicated. Many of these industrialists are being forced to give back that money. Legal actions being taken against others, some of which have fled India and some politicians and their associates. Banks starting to show gains after sustained recovery efforts. 120* 131* 136* 137* 138* 139* 140* 141* 158*
2. Many politicians jailed or under investigation for various corruption issues including former CMs and central ministers. 130* 142* 143* 144* 149* 150*
3. Many dubious NGOs, many of which have shady backgrounds have been forced to shut shop or forced to reduce their operations. Among the benign ones, many of such organisations were front for money laundering and payment of lackeys. Others were foreign sponsored fronts for mass scale conversions of Indics, anti-India propaganda and terrorism. 5* 9* 21* 91* 115* 126* 127* 145*
4. A large quantity of black money from foreign bank accounts successfully recovered. Treaties signed with Switzerland (among other countries) under which Swiss will share details of Indians owning bank accounts in Swiss banks. 103* 122* 128* 129* 146* 148*
5. Large increase in number of people paying income tax after rules like Aadhar verification, demonetisation, GST. Huge amounts of money recovered in income tax raids. Properties of gangsters targeted. Lakhs of shell companies closed down. 101* 121* 123* 128* 129* 147* 151* 152* 153* 161*
6. Stronger laws passed against corruption and tax evasion. Top level corruption reduces significantly. 33* 75* 93* 101* 102*


1. Modi regime perhaps underestimated how difficult the recovery of black money from foreign accounts will be. Although a huge sum of money has been recovered, the whole process will take a lot longer and most likely will fall short of hype during election campaign.
2. A number of bank loan defaulters managed to evade authorities and escape to foreign countries. If they had been arrested earlier, then loan recovery would have been a lot more easier and faster.
3. Implementation of GST was not up to par. Numerous issues still exist which will take atleast a few months to be sorted out.
4. Although I personally support demonetisation, it was not as well planned as it should have been. Very large number of people faced inconveniences for quite long time due to shortage of currency. Strangely, number of currency notes in circulation has reached back previous levels.

5. Even if corruption at top levels has been reduced, grassroot corruption still seems to be as bad as it was earlier. Problem of citizens dealing directly with govt departments have not eased much.


SCORE: 6.5/10

The actual score would have been a 6. Extra half point is due to clean image of almost every minister and no scams yet. Opposition parties have tried their best to make up scams like the one for Rafale planes, but their attempts have been laughably stupid.

3. Programs for citizens.

Energy savings with new policies

Reforms in electricity

This regime seems to have better reach out programs for general public which are meant to make their lives and interaction with government machinery easier and fruitful. In addition to big steps like Jan Dhan bank accounts, Mudra Yojna, free LPG for poor, there have been number of measures implemented to make government departments more responsive and approachable. Some of these points have overlap with economy and infrastructure issues, but they are mentioned here because they affect lives of citizens directly. and profoundly.. Some of these will be explained in detail in later posts.


1. Red tape cut across various government departments. Steps like digital locker, self-attestation of documents and a few others meant to reduce paperwork, unnecessary delays and corruption implemented. 47* 62* 66* 67* 72* 107*
2. Jan Dhan Yojna brings banking to the poorest and enables direct transfer of funds for subsidies and other welfare programs. This is one of the best measures in quite a long time meant for direct benefit of the poor. Reduces delays and corruption. 167* 168* 169* 170* 171* 172* 173* 175*
3. Passport issue and re-issue process made much easier and faster. 110* 166*
4. More platforms for feedback about government departments and policies created. Emphasis on transparency in governance and grievance redressal mechanisms. 79* 124* 116* 119*
5. Steps taken to solve some employee issues related to Provident Fund, pensions and others. Lot more reforms still needed. 6* 18*
6. Swachh Bharat Mission despite problems is showing some results. 85% of population now has access to toilets, compared to around 40% at start of program. According to WHO, 3 lakhs deaths caused by diarrhea were averted between 2014 and 2019. A lot of public places like railway stations are much cleaner. 175 * 176* 177* 178* 179*

Highway construction Source


7. Ujwala Yojana, a scheme meant to eradicate use of polluting fuels like wood, coal, dung for cooking proves to be a good success. 5 crore new connections allotted ahead of target. 180* 181* 182* 183*
8. While many countries struggle with it, India implements strong net neutrality rules. 184* 185*
9. Multiple steps taken to improve conditions for farmers. Extra impetus on reducing malnutrition and increasing availability of nutritional food to citizens through various schemes. 186*, 187*, 188*, 189* 205* 206*
10. Excellent work so far by power ministry bringing even the remotest places in India on electricity grid. A number of villages which had remained outside the grid now have electricity. Additionally, electricity production and distribution is much better. India has a power surplus and is 3rd largest electricity producer in world. Most of issues still remaining are more often than not due to inefficient and corrupt state electricity corporations. Cheap LED bulbs help in reducing power consumption. 190*, 191* 192* 193* 194* 195* 196* 197* 198* 199* 200* 201* 202*
11. Much needed push for solar power with huge new solar power plants coming up. 203* 204*
12. Pace of road construction across the country has picked up substantially and it has been the highest till now. Many remote regions have new connectivity and existing highways in most regions have been upgraded, 207* to 232* 26 links



1. Inspite of all the schemes and subsidies, Indian agricultural sector suffers from various issues which will need a lot more work and better implementations. There has been no obvious solution of issues arising due to small size of land holdings, mimimum support prices and bureaucratic red tape.
2. Swach Bharat mission has been partially successful at best.
3. Implementation of digital measures meant to reduce red tape have had limited effect till now. Many people and govt departments remain unaware and disinterested in these changes.

SCORE: 7/10

If it was just the intention of projects mentioned here, this would be a full 10. But meaningful implementation of many of these projects is hampered by numerous factors like inefficient, corrupt bureaucracy, infinitely stupid and large population as well as mediocre planning. Some of these projects are longterm and the effects will be visible only after a certain amount of time.


If compared with UPA regime, this one is miles ahead in almost everything. But this is not a good enough standard to improve upon. There have been some good efforts from top, but on ground implementation has been good in only a few. Some of the long standing issues like reforms in bureaucracy, agriculture and a few other fields which will take more than just good intent and announcement of schemes.


1. Fear of Narendra Modi makes babus finalize plans in 24 hours
2. Working a 6-day week? No problem! Bureaucrats are loving Modi’s iron-fist
3. Investments to get push as Modi govt takes green clearances online
4. PM Narendra Modi scraps 4 Cabinet Committees, including one on UIDAI
5. Modi govt puts NGOs under scan following IB warning
6. Employees to get pension payment order on retirement day: Govt
7. National acc wiil be-appointing authority for top officers
8. Rajnath singh reviews citizens database scheme
9. Centre cracks the whip on NGOs, direct foreign funding put on hold
10. Government clears investment hurdles, gives go ahead to seven projects worth Rs 21,000 crore
11. Narendra Modi cracks the whip on ministers’ foreign travels
12. Forest ministry greenlights faster, simpler clearances; defence, roads get priority
13. Modi austerity drive, no new cars for ministers, PMO to monitor spending
14. 3 satellite cities being planned for re-settlement of Kashmiri Pandits
15. Thirty days in office, Narendra Modi-led NDA working to keep promises
16. Narendra Modi government to club three social security schemes
17. Rajnath Singh sets a 3-yr deadline for NPR rollout, link to voter ID likely
18. Register online, get provident fund code within hours
19. 660 Nirbhaya Centres for women violence victims
20. Passport delivery to become hassle-free, no police verification in case of renewal
21. ‘No relevance’, Centre asks UN mission to vacate Delhi office
22. New advisory to end ‘inspector raj’
23. Centre to shield businesses from dreaded ‘inspector raj’ with new system
24. Railways’ ‘silent killers’: Now, trains won’t stop at ‘MP stops’
25. Managing of PM Relief Fund to be modelled on Gujarat scheme
26. Fear and foreboding in South Block
27. Government proposes changes in BIS to ensure product quality, withdrawal of substandard goods
28. Narendra Modi government’s small reforms with big impact
29. For the first time in the history, IAS officers sacked in disproportionate assets case–39518.html
30. Centre clears revised norms for new airport bids in record time
31. PM launches unique web platform to get citizens’ ideas for governance
32. Govt dissolves Khadi commission
33. Narendra Modi government asks ‘Babus’ to declare assets on or before September 15–39747.html
34. Army Happy With ‘Quick’ Govt‘Quick’-Govt/2014/07/27/article2350296.ece
35. Modi Cabinet clears labour reform Bills
36. How Achche Din dawned for Std XI and XII students in Baramulla
37. Madhya Pradesh govt rehabs Bangla non-Muslims
38. Winds of change: Productivity of Lok Sabha climbs to 103%
39. Government tells states to build detention centers for illegal Bangladeshis
40. Cabinet clears amendments to Juvenile Justice Act paving way for harsher punishment
41. Cabinet approves bill for judicial appointment body
42. Administration Govt prepares bill to repeal 36 archaic laws Administration
43. 13 reasons to cheer Modi sarkar’s first Parliament session
44. 10 things that the Modi government is doing right
45. Budget session productivity hits a high of 104%
46. Bid to improve investment climate
47. Marriage registrations to go online from next month
48. New norms soon for PSU bank directors; CMD post to be split
49. National Investigation Agency ropes in Indian Statistical Institute for study on fake currency notes
50. 1 lakh per school to cover 10,000 schools.
51. INDIA MODI-fied: Volume-3; The First Propulsion
52. IRCTC to soon offer cash on delivery for rail tickets
53. 100-day delivery: Modi ready with infra report card
54. PM Modi sets up committee to identify ‘obsolete’ laws Manifesto Administration
55. .भारत (.Bharat) top-level domain launched
56. PM Modi’s big plan: Get education, medical & birth records online in a digital locker
57. Buoyed by PM Modi’s election win, economy set to clock highest growth in 2 years
58. 100 DAYS – A report card

59. Job creation to inspector raj, government did its work
60. Right and Radical The understated revolution of Prime Minister Narendra Modi
61. Modi gets Lutyens’ bungalows vacated in three months
62. Soon, single RTO visit will be sufficient Modi effect?
63. Favouritism in govt decisions down, India improves global rank Modi effect?
64. Jammu and Kashmir floods: Narendra Modi deploys successful Google app to find people
65. Power, water supplies snapped in houses of Ajit Singh, Azharuddin
66. Modi government promotes self attestation of documents
67. Non-essential drugs: NPPA withdraws price control order
68. Modi government launches website to track attendance of government employees
69. Center launches Air Quality Index
70. Narendra Modi government takes RTI to another level: All replies to be put online
71. Modi government cancels golf memberships for bureaucrats
72. Narendra Modi Cabinet to cut paper trail, go Kindle
73. What triggered the crackdown
74. When an “Aam Aadmi” exposed Journalist Mihir S Sharma
75. Top-level corruption’s down in Modi govt, fingers crossed: India Inc
76. Indian Railways launches country’s first customer complaint mobile app (IT)
77. Mispricing exports, imports may land you in jail for 7 years
78. Operation Smile: Rajnath Singh’s push helps recover 2500 missing children
79. PM launches multi-purpose and multi-modal platform PRAGATI (Pro-Active Governance And Timely Implementation)
80. Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs approves innovative mechanism for utilization of stranded gas based generation capacity
81. Formation of SPV to provide efficient rail evacuation systems to Major Ports
82. Modi led NDA govt bypasses bid route, PGCIL to develop 20K MW green corridor
83. Reclaim your inoperative EPFO a/c money
84. Judicial reform proposals: Litigations to end in 3 to 5 years, summons to be sent by email
85. In Big Relief for Farmers, PM Modi Announces More Compensation for Crop Damage
86. Home Ministry freezes all 7 bank accounts of Greenpeace India
87. LPG cash transfer plan takes commercial cylinder sales up
88. PM Modi launches PRAGATI platform for redressal of grievances (DNA)
89. Ford Foundation put under MHA watch list in “national interest and security” of India
90. NaMo’s healing touch to Farmers – Direct Deposit of Relief to Jan Dhan Accounts
91. Govt cancels licences of 8,975 NGOs for failing to file annual returns
92. Bharat Mala: PM Narendra Modi’s planned Rs 14,000 crore road from Gujarat to Mizoram (ET)
93. Cabinet clears stronger anti-corruption Act
94. Prime Minister to Launch Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana (PMSBY), Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (PMJJBY) AND The Atal Pension Yojana (APY) on 9th May 2015 at Kolkata
95. Narendra Modi government eases incorporation of business, process to take just 1 form starting today
96. Forest fund gets Rs 38,000 crore boost
97. India is in a much better place after one year of Modi rule
98. One Year Later, India In Better Shape Under Modi
99. One year of Modi government: A look at what does India Inc think
100. Entire Machinery of Indian Railways Geared up for Implementation Work
101. Govt goes after D-gang properties, to approach agencies abroad
102. Black Money Bill with more teeth gets Rajya Sabha approval
103. Switzerland begins naming Indians, foreigners being probed at home for tax evasion
104. Narendra Modi government booted out 460 leaders from Lutyens bungalows
105. How the PM dismantled the transfer-posting industry
106. Meet India’s chief human resources officer
107. Live paperless; keep sensitive data, documents safe in DigiLocker
108. With 1500 squatters kicked out from Lutyens bungalows, it might explain why its always Modi vs All
109 Govt pushes squatters out of Lutyens Bungalow Zone, only 4 left
110. Police verification no longer required for reissue of passports: Govt
111. Govt’s ultimatum to road developers: Perform or perish
112. 2,200 corrupt govt officials identified in 2015, CBI says
113. Narendra Modi government evicts record number of illegal occupants from Lutyens Delhi
114. Parrikar finds $3 bn lying forgotten in US account
115. India denies visas to US religious freedom body
116. FCI goes online, links 30 godowns in 1st phase
117. Big reform: Modi government plans to redeploy bureaucrats and reduce patronage postings
118. 15 customs and central excise personnel fired: Sacking signals crackdown on laggards
119. Modi government makes 8 lakh calls in 10 days to check success of four big schemes
120. The biggest ever fire sale of Indian corporate assets has begun, to tide over bad loans crisis
121. Blackmoney: Govt unearths indirect tax evasion of Rs 50,000 crore in two years
122. The Mauritius Loophole: The Story Of Its Origin And How India Finally Managed To Shut It Infrastructure
123. Rs. 43,000 Crore In Black Money Recovered In 2 Years: Revenue Secretary
124. Why PM Modi called this Tripura IAS officer at 10pm
125. PM Narendra Modi’s Cleanliness Drive Frees Up Space For 50 In His Office
126. Ford Foundation-govt stand-off ends as NGO agrees to come under Fema
127. Home Ministry freezes all 7 bank accounts of Greenpeace India
128. Govt to net Rs 10,000 crore from Swiss bank accounts by March-end: SIT
129. Swiss banks up black money vigil as India threatens criminal action
130. CBI raids P Chidambaram and son Karti’s residence in Chennai; Congress calls it political vendetta by BJP
131. Banking scam has UPA era roots
132. Modi Govt @ 4: How the Dread of Deadlines Revamped Sarkaari Offices
133. Private Sector Professionals Can Be Bureaucrats, 10 Senior Posts Open
134. Alternative to IAS? Modi govt opens lateral entry for professionals as Joint Secretaries; details here
135. Lateral Entry: Landmark step by Modi govt to equip bureaucracy for challenges and opportunities
136. Nirav Modi scam: PNB, Allahabad Bank boards may decide on further action against EDs, MD
137. Fraud-hit PNB’s bad loan recovery of over Rs 7,700 cr in first quarter tops FY18 level, says bank official
138. ED chargesheet against Sterling Biotech director in bank loan fraud case PNB
139. Fraud: CBI arrests Nirav Modi’s associates from Ajmer
140. Vijay Mallya’s lenders secure UK court win in bid to recover dues
141. Government charts plan to stop loan defaulters from taking flight http:////
142. Lalu gets 14 yrs in jail in fodder scam: You reap what you sow, says BJP
143. What The SC Said About Jayalalithaa: She Was The Source Of Funds For Shell Companies
144. Chidambaram Now an Accused in Aircel Maxis Case, Says CBI Pressured to Make Preposterous Charges
145. India orders all Mother Teresa care homes inspected
146. पनामा पेपर्स: 1140 करोड़ रुपए की अघोषित संपत्ति मिली, 16 भारतीयों पर मुकदमा दर्ज
147. Rs 100-cr cash, 90-kg bullion recovered after I-T raids on Tamil Nadu contracting firm
148. Panama Papers: Income Tax Raids Several Locations In Delhi-NCR
149. DK Shivakumar Case: Income Tax Department Conducts Raids At 10 Locations
150. I-T raids on TN Health Minister, others yield Rs 4.5 crore
151. Rs 3-4 lakh crore of evaded income deposited in banks post demonetisation
152. Demonetisation: Income Tax department seizes Rs 3,185 crore black money, Rs 86 crore in new notes
153. Massive IT raids across country: New, old currency seized in Bengaluru, Panjim, Faridabad, 4 arrested
154. Ease of Doing Business rankings: India makes highest-ever jump to rank 100 out of 190 countrie
155. How Insolvency And Bankruptcy Reforms Are Helping Clean Up The NPA Mess
156. Govt eyes bankruptcy reform to ease decades of gridlock
157. Six-month limit likely to declare firms bankrupt
158. The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code has begun to transform the Indian NPA resolution process and its credit culture
159. Narendra Modi govt set to unleash major labour reforms push
160. FDI tide turns in India’s favour
161. List of Income Tax raids in Dec 2016 after demonetisation.
162. ‘No Question, Only Thanks’: Opposition Praise For Sushma Swaraj
163. 1,159 obsolete laws scrapped by Modi govt; 1,301 junked in previous 64 years
164. Goodbye, old laws: Modi government scraps 1,200 redundant Acts, 1,824 more identified for repeal
165. Section 377: Government leaves decision to the wisdom of the Supreme Court
166. Mind-boggling! Passport Seva mobile app downloaded a million times within two days
167. NDA’s ambitious financial inclusion plan Jan Dhan Yojana launched, claims to benefit 1 crore on Day 1 Manifesto
168. NaMo’s healing touch to Farmers – Direct Deposit of Relief to Jan Dhan Accounts
169. Jan Dhan scheme: LPG subsidy transfer sees zero-balance a/cs drop below 50%
170. PMJDY zero balance accounts have fallen below 40% now, from the original high of almost 80
171. Polavaram is reaping the Jan Dhan benefit
172. Jan Dhan Yojana 5.37 crore bank a/cs. Deposits grow from Rs 4.27 lakh to Rs 27,000 crore in a year
173. Deposits in Jan Dhan accounts cross Rs 30,000 cr
174. Why Jan-Dhan Yojana is gaining currency in Uttar Pradesh & West Bengal
175. Swachh Bharat Mission: A remarkable transformation
176. Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) Would Result In Averting More Than 3 Lakh Deaths By October 2019, Says WHO
177. Swachh Bharat offers a bonanza for India Inc
178. Swachh Bharat mission: World’s largest toilet-building initiative drives sales of sanitaryware, hygiene products
179. Sanitation coverage in rural India under Swachh Bharat rises to 85%
180. समय से पहले सरकार ने पूरा किया उज्ज्वला का लक्ष्य, सुमित्रा महाजन ने सौंपा 5 करोड़वां कनेक्शन
181. 5 cr free gas connections target completed before deadline: Pradhan
182. Ground Report: Ujjwala Yojana shows the clean way in Hingoli
183. A Total Of 1.17 crore LPG Connections Released Under PMUY This Fiscal
184. India approved strong net neutrality rules
185. A welcome move: On India’s net neutrality regulations
186. Centre to introduce fortified rations in 118 target districts
187. Millet Mission to promote nutrient-rich cereals; ₹800-crore outlay on the cards
188. 11 farm schemes, with over ₹33,000-cr outlay, merged
189. Rs 33,000 crore boost to agriculture: Here’s how Modi plans to double farmers’ income by 2022
190. Power capacity addition at record 22,566 MW in past 1 year: Goyal
191. How government’s LED bulb push is helping save Rs 2.71 crore every day
192. LED lamps light Irulanchandai village
193. Work in 1/3rd of unelectrified 18,000 villages over: Piyush Goyal
194. How Narendra Modi is getting India to save on electricity
195. For the first time in history, India will not have power deficit situation in FY17
196. Prices of LED bulbs drop to Rs 38
197.States sell Rs 100,000 cr of electricity bonds in first 3 weeks: Goyal
198. Powering a transformation in India: Here is how to deliver 24/7 affordable power in every household
199. Inside India’s epic effort to bring electricity to millions of people for the first time
200. India is now the world’s third-largest electricity producer
201. The welfare effects of rural electrification
202. The Great Construction Boom
203. The biggest solar parks in the world are now being built in India
204. Five of the world’s top 10 solar parks are coming up in India, says report
205. 100% Neem Coating of Urea improves Soil Health, boosts Yields and curbs Diversion: DACFW Study
206. Centre unveils faster-maturing pulses variety
207. Amid China Standoff, India Hits Pedal on Border Road Construction After Delay
208. Forest ministry greenlights faster, simpler clearances; defence, roads get priority
209. Road Min approves over Rs 40,000 crore highway projects
210.Gadkari zips on development flyway
211. No toll for projects under construction
212. Bharat Mala: PM Narendra Modi’s planned Rs 14,000 crore road from Gujarat to Mizoram (ET)
213. Centre to develop 15,000 km of national highway at Rs 1.9 lakh crore
214. Government to upgrade eight National Highways to world class express highways
215. Govt’s ultimatum to road developers: Perform or perish
216. In 2015-16, record 6,029km of highways constructed
217. Road construction picks up 36% this year
218. Once a month, PM Narendra Modi steps in to revive stalled projects
219. Nitin Gadkari announces Rs 10,000 crore projects for Nagaland
220. Infrastructure development top priority: PM
221. Surge in award of projects puts road construction in top gear
222. Roads lead the way in government spending
223. Govt gives ultimatum to road developers on stalled projects
224. As Modi Triples Spending, India Road Stocks Cheer With 73% Rally
225. Govt approves Rs 34,000-cr road projects in Feb; Rs 6k-cr today
226. Land acquisition pace up after enhanced compensation: Nitin Gadkari
227. Center sets up dedicated funding agency for roads, ports
228. India built 2,979 km of highways in quarter; govt optimistic on achieving target
229. Nitin Gadkari keen to achieve 40 km a day road construction target
230. NDA beats UPA, rolls out roads faster
231. India Is Building New Roads at a Breakneck Pace
232. Roads to all China border posts soon, says Rajnath Singh