This is a long rant, not an expert analysis. Treat it as such.

The current controversy about surgical strikes by Indian Army against Bakistanis is getting even more interesting. After Uri attacks, I wondered if India would strike back or just keep quiet like after Pathankot attacks. I had hopes that India would retaliate but we’re used so much to inaction and “log kya kahenge” syndrome in our foreign policy that I had to watch press conference by Indian DGMO twice to believe it. Predictably Bakis started their whinefest and denied it like they did with Osama, Mumbai attacks, Kargil, 1971, 1948, 1965 and numerous other incidents. But the panicked statements by un-uniformed jihadi Hafiz confirmed that attacks did happen and inflicted serious damage contrary to what the uniformed jihadis of Baki army and civilian jihadis in Baki gobarment were claiming. Then their begging bowl song and dance in UN confirmed it further.

After these attacks, the Baki nuclear bluff has been called out for what it is. The ignorant masses who can’t differentiate a Mig-29 from F-16 will keep on whining but people in relevant places now have confirmation about so called resolve of Bakis about the nuclear threshold. If they escalate the situation by firing on border or more terrorist attacks elsewhere, they will always do so with the knowledge that India will counter-attack and probably disproportionately. On this occasion, certain launchpads and related terrorist infrastructure has been destroyed which according to an educated guess killed a number of terrorists waiting to infiltrate in to India, their handlers who probably hold mid-level ranks and a significant number of Baki armed forces personnel guarding the places. This explains the loud howls of Hafiz and his ilk.
If Bakis keep on claiming that attacks never happened, then good for them and us. They don’t have any reason to escalate and will probably try to deescalate leaving us free to concentrate on our internal matters. In either case, it is a victory of India on a tactical as well as strategic level. It is a long pending move by India and everyone is accepting it openly or grudgingly.

Now there are some usual moles belonging to Congress, AAP etc. who find the success of an Indian initiative led by Modi a bitter pill to swallow. These politicians and their minions (atleast the few I have the misfortune of knowing) were barely able to hide their glee when they thought that Modi regime will not do anything to punish Bakis. As soon as news of the attacks broke out, some of them went in to stunned silence or some congratulated Indian Army while carefully trying to deny any credit to Modi. One congressi claimed that Indian army had done such attacks 4-5 times during UPA regime. It’s good, but what did such attack achieve ? It’s common knowledge that cross-border raids happen regularly on both sides. Perhaps they were a good idea at a local tactical level, but they served little purpose in overall strategic battlefield. As I’m writing this, a former DGMO Vinod Bhatia has denied even this claim of CONgress.
The AAPtard-in-chief pretended to congratulate Modi while asking for proof in the same breath. All of these butthurt losers know very well that details of such operations are almost never made public. When US (Russia, NATO or any other entity) kills Osama, or claims to have killed senior Al-Qaeda or other enemies by air attacks, how many times do you see the live footage ? How many of these idiots have asked for proof or provided proof for the claimed cross-border raids during UPA regime ?

As I said before, I know many Congi, AAPiya supporters and their reactions have been just like the politicians they support. There are some comparatively saner ones, who claim to not support any political party in a public gathering, But their posts on social media prove otherwise. Most of such people are ashamed to be called an AAP , CONgress supporter now and try to hide their embarrassment under the fig leaf of fake neutrality. Then there are some politically aware types who support Congress-AAP-TMC-JDU type parties only because they are not BJP. They are what you call full liberal, leftists types who will actively cheer for disgraced thieves like Kanhaiya, Khalid, Sanjiv Bhatt etc. Third category is supposedly not anti-nationalist but are just blind fanboys who will latch on to whatever their yug-purush will say. There is no sign that they can use their atrophied brain cells and will latch on to whatever their messiah says. It never occurs to them that their favourite politician is acting only to help his own interests at the cost of damaging the nation.
Then there are a few others, who are not as brain dead, but highly impatient. These people were complaining loudly against Indian inaction leading up to the surgical strike and as soon as the news broke out, they started referring to Paki media and playing doubting Thomas.

On a related note, a lot of people don’t like the expulsion of Baki fartists from India. I’ve been supporting it since a long time. I’ll whole heartedly support Bakis performers if they’re like Adnan Sami, but screw the others. Even if art is without borders, the money they get in India should serve Indian interests, not of the enemy. If you can’t get this simple fact, you have one thick skull full of platitudes and little else. Even the Indian fartists supporting Bakis are known Islamists and Bakistan lovers. Son of one such traitor was a friend of Dawood Headley. How can any Indian take such jokers seriously ?

When all is said and done, I certainly don’t say that trust the government blindly. But at least use your brain. Even if you dislike BJP or Modi, these whiners should realise that they live in India and Modi is Indian Prime Minister, whether you like it or not. Supporting Bakistani narrative hurts only the country you live in. If you still believe that Pakis are telling the truth, then I have 3-4 Taj Mahals that I’d like to sell.

Next time Bakis attack India by any means and to be honest, it’s only a matter of time, then Indian armed forces should not limit themselves to just killing the terrorists. They also need to attack the uniformed jihadis, Bakistani armed forces. Destroy the border posts which provide covering fire to terrorists. Attack the supply dumps, bases and Baki other military infrastructure near border. As of now, they don’t have any danger to their own lives. Once they have fear of a strong Indian retaliation and realise that their actions will probably cause their own deaths, they will be far less likely to play the role of an islamic ghazi. This will be seen as an escalation by India and rightly so. Till now, India has played nice and has only losses to show for it. Now Bakis are isolated on all fronts, apart from China and even they are unlikely to support Bakis in such a situation. Modi has played his cards right and we’ll have to wait and watch if the groundwork done in last years will lead to an Indian victory on this front.
Till then, have patience and keep faith.

Continuing from Fight For Jammu & Kashmir: Accession To India

 

The facts given above do not point to any worth mentioning role of Sheikh Abdullah in the defense of the valley. But most of the books written on the subject have projected Sh. Abdullah as the real savior of Kashmir. This depiction of his role is fraudulent. It amounts to deliberate distortion of facts and history to serve partisan ends. Therefore the record needs to be put straight.

Sh. Abdullah was interested only in Kashmir valley. His one ambition was to become master and arbiter of Kashmir. He had neither any interest nor any stake in other parts of that far flung Kingdom.

His attitudes about accession to India or Pakistan was also guided by this one over-riding ambition and consideration. As a realist he knew that his followers were emotionally inclined toward Pakistan. As an Islamic fundamentalist his own intuitive sympathy was for Pakistan. Continue reading

Some posts copied from Bharat Rakshak Forums regarding Jinnah and his vision of Pakistan.

Addressing the minorities in particular, Mr. Jinnah said: “If you work in a spirit of co-operation, forgetting the past and burying the hatchet, I will say that every one of you, no matter to what community you belong, no matter what colour, caste or creed, is first, second and last a citizen of this State with equal rights, privileges and obligations.”

Source: The Hindu

He (Jinnah) has put the onus for equal citizenship right on the good behaviour of the minorities. Their plight later on is simply due to their bad behaviour. Full stop.

By the way, The Hindu also reports that Jinnah had indeed said those ringing words about Hindus ceasing to be Hindus (which in fact has happened incidentally) etc. The fact remains however that neither before that speech nor after that speech he had ever spoken of or done anything about minority rights and protection. So, August 11, 1947 speech was a one-off to hoodwink the powerful friends, probably done even at their prodding.

OTOH, Jinnah readily agreed with the ulema to impose Shariah in a free Pakistan to win their support. The letter that Jinnah wrote to the Pir of Manki Sharif, in Naushera of NWFP, in which he said that Shariah will be imposed in Pakistan to manage the affairs of the Muslim Community, was produced in the Constituent Assembly in 1949 to support the Objectives Resolution. It was this Pir’s support, based on the promise of Shariah in Pakistan, that helped the Muslim League to turn the situation favourable to itself in NWFP which was otherwise under the Congress Rule. It was this Pir who let loose violence when Nehru visited that region. He also helped in procuring manpower for jihad in J&K in October 1947. As a result of Jinnah’s promise, the Pir of Manki Sharif declared jihad to achieve Pakistan and ordered the members of his anjuman to support the League in the 1946 elections

While addressing the Karachi Bar Association on 25 January 1948 on the occasion of the Holy Prophet’s birthday, Jinnah said: “Some are misled by propaganda. Islamic principles are as applicable to life as they were 1,300 years ago. The Constitution of Pakistan will be made on the basis of the shariah”.

In the 14 August, 1947 speech in which, in answer to Mountbatten’s reference to Akbar the Great, as the model for the new Muslim state, he pointed to the greater example of the Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, thereby indicating where Pakistan’s Constitution was headed to.

One of Pakistan’s renowned political scientists, Prof. (Late) Khalid bin Sayeed narrates in his book, ‘Pakistan: The Formative Phase 1957-1948’ Jinnah’s assurances to a group of visiting Islamists thus: “…Constituent Assembly…will be predominantly Muslim…and would be able to enact laws for the Muslims not inconsistence with Shariah Laws and the Muslims will no longer be obliged by un-Islamic laws…” While portraying himself as a secularist and a Constitutionalist, Jinnah nevertheless asked only an Islamic clergy, Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani who had apostatised Shias, to raise the flag of Pakistan on Aug. 14, 1947. Later, Maulana Shabbir Ahmad Usmani, who had apostatized Ahmedis and calling for them to be stoned to death, was made Sheikh-ul-Islam-i-Pakistan. It was Shabbir Usmani who later drafted the Objectives Resolution.

In passionate speeches that Jinnah delivered to masses of the new state of Pakistan, he addressed them as ‘Mussalmans’ instead of as ‘Pakistanis’ and used terms like ‘mujahid’, ‘tenets of the Holy Quran’, and referred to Pakistan as a ‘bulwark of Islam’.

Again, on Oct. 30, 1947, with the plan of his Kashmir invasion to grab it floundering badly, Jinnah resorted to appealing to Islamic fervour. He asked Pakistanis to make sacrifices for ‘the honour of Pakistan and Islam’. He exhorted his countrymen to ‘lay the foundations of democracy on the bases of truly Islamic ideals and principles’. His muddled thinking but his unequivocal support for an Islamic governance was amply demonstrated in his Feb. 1948 public address over Radio Pakistan when he said that Pakistan’s to-be-drafted Constitution should be based on Islam but he hoped that Pakistan would not be a theocratic state. Even as far back as c. 1941, Jinnah had assured a representative of the influential founder of Jama’at-e-Islami, Mawdudi that he saw no incompatibility between their two approaches. He said that as the events were unfolding yet, he was constrained from openly asserting the Islamist nature of Pakistan !! His further words to Mawdudi’s representative really betrayed what he was up to. “I will continue to strive for the cause of a separate Muslim state, and you do your services in this regard; our efforts need not be mutually exclusive. I seek to secure the land for the mosque; once that land belongs to us, then we can decide on how to build the mosque.” The noted Pakistani analyst, Khaled Ahmed interprets this as follows: What this meant for the Jama‘at was that a continuum existed between the activities of the Muslim League and those of the Jama‘at; where one ended at partition the other began: the Jama‘at-i Islami was to inherit Pakistan. Thus Mawdudi reconciled with the Quaid-e-Azam whom he once referred to as Kafir-e-Azam (the Great Infidel).

It is a different matter though that in circa 2007, clerics belonging to the same Ulema community denounced the Quaid as not a hero of Pakistan because by that time Islam had become more distilled in the mosque for which the Quaid acquired land.

Above post copied from :LINK

Couple of pisko (psychological)notes about Pakis and their Jinnah pooja.

India has a continuous history and an identity. To top it all, the history of freedom struggle which ended colonialism is a definitive watershed in modern India’s creation. Gandhi-ji, who was at the center of this struggle propounded a universal philosophy of unity and peace, which I think is timeless (whether it is practical is another issue).

Pakis sorely miss all this. Pakistan is an artificial construct. They are bunch of converts who hate their history and geography. On top of that, the raisin-dieter of their existence is a fellow who claimed that Hindus and Muslims cannot live together so muslims need their own country. A load of good it did to them as 1971 showed.

“Liberal” Pakistanis, to bring Pakistan’s history and founding philosophy on par with India, invent things and pin it on Jinnah (the only fellow of note in Pakistan movement)*. They like to have “non-traditional interpretations” of two nation theory, (passing it off as some sort of philosophy which was actually rooted in care and affection of minorities as Mohsin Hamid tries to pass off here http://tribune.com.pk/story/344536/a-co … inorities/ and I quote:)

Quote:
There are two ways of explaining why Pakistan was created. One is to say that the impulse for Pakistan was a Muslim-nationalist impulse. That is what we are taught in school and probably what most Pakistanis believe. But there is another explanation. And it is this: the drive to form Pakistan was rooted in the notion of minority rights.

Minority rights indeed! Pray tell me how many years since Independence it took them to excommunicate Ahmedis?

Back to the point, liberals try to painstakingly build a halo around Jinnah, claiming that he was some sort of foresighted visionary who struggled for minority rights to establish a country on modern principles. Which ofcourse, is a load of bull. Jinnah was a product of two factors

1. He could not stomach that aristocratic leaders of Indian national congress were replaced by short dark poor people who had mass support.

2. He realized that by extension, democracy would do this to all aristocratic muslims. Their disproportionate representation and divine right to rule would be curtailed if free and fair elections were held. They have to participate in the affairs of the country as any other common Indian. Bahadur Shah Zafar aint coming back as King of India.

Thus all the takleef about separate electorate and the fight with Gandhi and so forth.

Pakistan was founded by a petty minded individual with outsize ego, whose founding thesis was Muslims cannot co-exist with hindus and ergo they needed their own country. He was ready to conspire with the British for this. He was ready to create a geographical monstrosity with no cohesion for this. When a huge turning point in the history of humanity arrived, he did not choose to boldly experiment with unity and democracy in a multicultural society. Instead he chose to feed his ego and displayed his divisive narrow-mindedness. And that is the truth that liberals like Mr Hamdani try to whitewash by talking of “non-traditional interpretation”. They can do mental masturbation all they want and write articles along the lines of Did two actually mean one, when Jinnah said “two nation theory?”. But the truth is there for all to see. Jinnah said he wanted a country for Muslims, because Muslims cannot co-exist with Hindus. It is reasonable to extrapolate that he was of the opinion that Muslims cannot co-exist with Sikhs and Buddhists and Atheists and Jews. Then why all this takleef that Sikhs didnt join Pakistan? This makes Jinnah divisive and petty minded. Jinnah probably did not believe all the BS he was spouting, but said it anyway, because his ultimate aim was to make sure Muslims had political power and he had a say in the new country and did not get marginalized. This makes Jinnah egostical, hypocriticial *in addition to being* a divisive petty minded fellow. No matter how much you try to whitewash him.

*Atleast conservative Pakis are intellectually honest in the sense that they accept that their country was founded in the spirit of hatred for Hindus. The actual truth is neither. Neither was Jinnah interested in minority welfare nor did the major movers and shaker fatcats found a country based on hatred for Hindus. They wanted a country where they can retain their lands, not have land reforms, continue to rule and continue oppressing mango abduls. The mango abduls and the Mullahs were simply fed a diet of “Islam Khatrey mein hai”, given money and training. And now those mango abduls and Mullahs eventually took over and are Qadrifying the fatcats.

The second factor is cognitive dissonance. Let me tell you a pisko story. So I met a motorma from across the border whose calling in life is to propound and propagate “Islamic feminism”.

I am neither against Islam nor against Feminism, but certainly against Islamic Feminism — which tries to argue that feminist principles can be derived from Islam which is a load of bull. Instead of splitting our hair about nuances in each, lets use a sledgehammer. Radical Feminism encourages and supports Lesbianism as a matter of choice for women. Islam is against it and recommends women are waji-bull-cutlet if they are Lesbians. There you go. How on earth are you going to argue that Lesbianism can be derived from Islamic principles? The proponents of this bullsh1t like “Islamic Feminism” like to argue that things like Burka are for the woman’s own welfare, since now women wont be objectified. Which is a moronic argument, because from first principles that Burka is derived, it is also clear that women cant vote either (or should consult and take the advice of their husbands on who to vote for). How can getting husband’s permission be reconciled with a philosophy which propounds independent thinking for women?

Instead of trashing her philosophy, I was more interested in finding out why an educated and seemingly smart motorma would propound such bullsh1t. It is because of cognitive dissonance. You are taught a religion and philosophy right from when you are born and are young. You grow up and realize it is completely incompatible with the modern world and incompatible with the values and luxuries you cherish. What do you do then?

1. You can either accept the incompatibility and give up one or the other,
or
2. You can embark on delusional mumbo-jumbo on why they are compatible in the first place.

I think No 2 is what most Pakistanis do in pakistan (pun intended). You get it in the form of “Islamic feminism” and entire country espousing “Islamic Banking”, ZAB’s “Islamic socialism” and yes Mr Hamdani’s “Was Jinnah a man of Unity and Minority rights?”* Trying to reconcile two obviously incompatible beliefs by self delusional and obviously laughable assertions and distortions of truth which they pursue with full passion.

*Even in the case of terrorism, Pakis (and even smart ones like Sethi and Agha) somehow seek to justify it from time to time. Like “natural reaction of people” or “evidence is not enough”. They seem to have trouble stomaching the reality that Pakistan government (yes I said government instead of “Retired Rogue ISI working during medical leave of absence”) plans and launches terrorist operations by brainwashing unemployed abduls on Islam and Jihad to go kill innocent people from countries all over the world. This is not how civilized countries behave towards their own people and people of other countries. But Sethi and Agha were born and brought up in Pakistan and I am sure have affection and patriotism for their country. So what do you do? You propound some bullsh1t somehow trying to reconcile the love for your country with the barbarity it practices.

 

Above post copied from :LINK

 

Even that speech in which Jinnah  is supposed to have spoken about his vision of a secular Pakistan probably never happened as Pakistan doesn’t have a single recording. They then contacted All India Radio (AIR) for a copy, which replied that it never had any. Source

 

So much for myth of a secular, liberal Jinnah.

The Act, served the civil administrations in Jammu and Kashmir and the North East effectively in combating cross-border terrorism. However, it has in, recent times, become target of criticism. Demands for its withdrawal have been raised, specially from Jammu and Kashmir in the North and Manipur in the East. Are these demands justified? Or are they the product of some ignorance and confusion about the word “Power” which is part of its formal nomenclature?

In order to be impartial between sense and nonsense, it is necessary to understand that the Armed Forces Special Power Act, gives no police powers to Army. The Army cannot enforce its presence in any state for internal security purposes on its own without the civil government concerned declaring a particular area in its jurisdiction as ‘disturbed area’ and ‘requesting’ the Army to come to its aid.The critics, however, have never lost any opportunity to indulge in Army bashing on issues of “high handedness” and “violation of human rights”. Of course such criticism is countered by others as “politically motivated” and “voice of the vested interests”. They point out that wherever the Indian Army has gone, it has taken the welfare of the local people as its first priority also, using “heart as a weapon” and Sadbhavna or goodwill as the spirit. They point out to the surrender of several militant groups in the North East and the popular Kashmir Premier League Chinar Cup project as outstanding examples.

Demands for repeal or amendment of AFSPA specially come from areas infested by separatism combined with militancy that seldom talk of senseless killing and continuous “violation of Human Rights” by terrorists and militants. If a bomb blast outside the Delhi High Court kills several innocent litigants and lawyers or innocent citizens lose their lives in Mumbai blast, no voice is heard condemning the known and unknown killers of violating human right to live. Why?

The antagonists of AFSPA are ever active and widely reported in the media. It would be fair to listen to the protagonists too.


Why AFSPA is necessary?

The proposed amendments to the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) will greatly reduce the effectiveness in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations. If battalion, company and platoon commanders of units engaged, who have been fearlessly leading from the front in such operations, start becoming apprehensive about being legally proceeded against for killing terrorists mostly externally instigated supported, then we will lose the valuable cutting edge.

This, in a nutshell, is what said by a number of serving officers currently engaged in these operations and retired officers with long standing experience of the same.

Army authorities have to be taken into confidence and their nod was necessary for amending or withdrawing the AFSPA. If Government gives weightage only to political opinion it could invite problems for it because there are fears that in the absence of any legal protection the security forces may be forced to be on the defensive which could leave a free space for militants to operate. Has any government agency or committee suggested how to deal with the contentious issue?

The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)-1958 was enacted by the Parliament on 11 September, 1958 to provide necessary powers and legal support/protection to Armed Forces for operations against insurgents in a highly hostile environment and it has enabled them to effectively contain insurgency and establish stability in the region. AFSPA-1958 is currently applicable in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

Subsequently, Parliament enacted the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990, effective since 5 July 1990, initially to areas falling within 20 km of the Line of Control with Rajouri, Poonch, Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Kupwara, Pulwama and Srinagar districts declared as disturbed. In August 2001, it was extended to Jammu, Kathua, Udhampur, Poonch, Rajouri and Doda, when these districts were declared disturbed. What is interesting to note that people of last 6 districts have not called for it’s repeal. Unlike parts of Kashmir, population of these areas is predominantly pro-Indian and actively resists terrorists which try to sneak in across LOC.

The fighting capability of terrorists in J & K and the North East and has considerably improved over the years in terms of increasingly sophisticated weapons, high tech gear and finance.. Many groups even have women cadres also.

Troops and Central constabulary forces are operating in a hostile environment, in tough terrain and weather conditions, exposing themselves to grave dangers, maintaining a high degree of operational effectiveness while they are simultaneously, required to be extremely cautious in avoiding any collateral damage and loss of innocent life or property.

For sake of an example, lets talk about tactics of terrorists in Kashmir. One of their favourite modes of attack is to blend in civilian population and attack while taking cover behind human shields or from civilian houses. Kashmiris wear a long loose robe like garment called firan which covers whole body from neck to toes. What these terrorists do is to dress in same firan and hide a few grenades and gun inside the robe which effectively hides the bulge of weapons, allowing them to walk up to security check points and ambush unsuspecting security personnel. Another tactic is to attack convoys or soldiers on patrol from civilian houses, then try to run away.

Operating in such conditions often surrounded by hostile population demands that security forces do have special powers. They need to act fast without going through the hassle of obtaining proper paperwork. Wasting time on such frivolities will do nothing except provide terrorists with a heavens sent means of escape.

Successes in operations and any violation or perceived violation attract attention of overground anti national factions / elements with vested interests and also the media, which in a democracy, they should. After some of the current exposes which including Radia tapes, Cash for Votes, ISI’s Fai among many others, one should always be sure of loyalty of people who are making noises about removal of this act. Many of the people supporting removal of this act have been proven guilty of associating with ISI’s spy Fai and also taking money from dubious sources.

While most of the allegations made are false and fabricated, operating under such environment requires a protective law which is not overarching as it is perceived to be.

The essence of the important Sections of AFSPA is :

(a) Section 3 empowers the Central and State Governments to declare areas as disturbed.

(b) Section 4 gives the Army powers to search premises and make arrests without warrants, to use force even to the extent of causing death, destroy arms/ammunition dumps, fortifications/ shelters/hideouts and to stop, search and seize any vehicles.

(c) Section 6 stipulates that arrested persons and seized property is to be made over to the police with least possible delay.

(d) Section 7 offers protection of personnel acting in good faith in their official capacity. Prosecution is permitted only after sanction of the Central Govt.

The mere fact that the provisions of AFSPA have to be invoked with regard to a particular area ex facie establishes that the law and order situation there had degenerated to such an extent that the State Government with the aid of police power at its disposal was unable to maintain peace and tranquility.

A natural corollary to the above would be that if the Armed Forces, who are called upon to assist the State administration in restoring normalcy, have to succeed in their task, they enjoy at least the similar powers as the Police force if not wider ones.

However, close perusal of the various powers available to the police under the provisions of the CrPC vis-a-vis those available to Armed Forces under AFSPA would reveal that the police still enjoy more encompassing and wider powers relating toarrest, search, seizure, summoning of witnesses, preventive detention etc than the Armed Forces.Adequate checks and safeguards are built in the AFSPA to prevent the Armed Forces from assuming sweeping powers. Violations of its provisions are liable for legal action/prosecution. DO’s and DONTs issued by the Army, duly approved by the Supreme Court are binding on all ranks.

Then what is wrong with AFSPA? The word “Power”? Then why not rename the Act, the Armed Forces Special Services Act.The Act, served the civil administrations in Jammu and Kashmir and the North East effectively in combating cross-border terrorism. However, it has in, recent times, become target of criticism. Demands for its withdrawal have been raised, specially from Jammu and Kashmir in the North and Manipur in the East. Are these demands justified? Or are they the product of some ignorance and confusion about the word “Power” which is part of its formal nomenclature?

In order to be impartial between sense and nonsense, it is necessary to understand that the Armed Forces Special Power Act, gives no police powers to Army. The Army cannot enforce its presence in any state for internal security purposes on its own without the civil government concerned declaring a particular area in its jurisdiction as ‘disturbed area’ and ‘requesting’ the Army to come to its aid.

The critics, however, have never lost any opportunity to indulge in Army bashing on issues of “high handedness” and “violation of human rights”. Of course such criticism is countered by others as “politically motivated” and “voice of the vested interests”. They point out that wherever the Indian Army has gone, it has taken the welfare of the local people as its first priority also, using “heart as a weapon” and Sadbhavna or goodwill as the spirit. They point out to the surrender of several militant groups in the North East and the popular Kashmir Premier League Chinar Cup project as outstanding examples.

Demands for repeal or amendment of AFSPA specially come from areas infested by separatism combined with militancy that seldom talk of senseless killing and continuous “violation of Human Rights” by terrorists and militants. If a bomb blast outside the Delhi High Court kills several innocent litigants and lawyers or innocent citizens lose their lives in Mumbai blast, no voice is heard condemning the known and unknown killers of violating human right to live. Why?

The antagonists of AFSPA are ever active and widely reported in the media. It would be fair to listen to the protagonists too.

Why AFSPA is necessary?

The proposed amendments to the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) will greatly reduce the effectiveness in counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism operations. If battalion, company and platoon commanders of units engaged, who have been fearlessly leading from the front in such operations, start becoming apprehensive about being legally proceeded against for killing terrorists mostly externally instigated supported, then we will lose the valuable cutting edge.

This, in a nutshell, is what said by a number of serving officers currently engaged in these operations and retired officers with long standing experience of the same.

Army authorities have to be taken into confidence and their nod was necessary for amending or withdrawing the AFSPA. If Government gives weightage only to political opinion it could invite problems for it because there are fears that in the absence of any legal protection the security forces may be forced to be on the defensive which could leave a free space for militants to operate. Has any government agency or committee suggested how to deal with the contentious issue?

The Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA)-1958 was enacted by the Parliament on 11 September, 1958 to provide necessary powers and legal support/protection to Armed Forces for operations against insurgents in a highly hostile environment and it has enabled them to effectively contain insurgency and establish stability in the region. AFSPA-1958 is currently applicable in Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Tirap and Changlang districts of Arunachal Pradesh.

Subsequently, Parliament enacted the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act 1990, effective since 5 July 1990, initially to areas falling within 20 km of the Line of Control with Rajouri, Poonch, Anantnag, Baramulla, Budgam, Kupwara, Pulwama and Srinagar districts declared as disturbed. In August 2001, it was extended to Jammu, Kathua, Udhampur, Poonch, Rajouri and Doda, when these districts were declared disturbed. What is interesting to note that people of last 6 districts have not called for it’s repeal. Unlike parts of Kashmir, population of these areas is predominantly pro-Indian and actively resists terrorists which try to sneak in across LOC.

The fighting capability of terrorists in J & K and the North East and has considerably improved over the years in terms of increasingly sophisticated weapons, high tech gear and finance.. Many groups even have women cadres also.

Troops and Central constabulary forces are operating in a hostile environment, in tough terrain and weather conditions, exposing themselves to grave dangers, maintaining a high degree of operational effectiveness while they are simultaneously, required to be extremely cautious in avoiding any collateral damage and loss of innocent life or property.

For sake of an example, lets talk about tactics of terrorists in Kashmir. One of their favourite modes of attack is to blend in civilian population and attack while taking cover behind human shields or from civilian houses. Kashmiris wear a long loose robe like garment called firan which covers whole body from neck to toes. What these terrorists do is to dress in same firan and hide a few grenades and gun inside the robe which effectively hides the bulge of weapons, allowing them to walk up to security check points and ambush unsuspecting security personnel. Another tactic is to attack convoys or soldiers on patrol from civilian houses, then try to run away.

Operating in such conditions often surrounded by hostile population demands that security forces do have special powers. They need to act fast without going through the hassle of obtaining proper paperwork. Wasting time on such frivolities will do nothing except provide terrorists with a heavens sent means of escape.

Successes in operations and any violation or perceived violation attract attention of overground anti national factions / elements with vested interests and also the media, which in a democracy, they should. After some of the current exposes which including Radia tapes, Cash for Votes, ISI’s Fai among many others, one should always be sure of loyalty of people who are making noises about removal of this act. Many of the people supporting removal of this act have been proven guilty of associating with ISI’s spy Fai and also taking money from dubious sources.

While most of the allegations made are false and fabricated, operating under such environment requires a protective law which is not overarching as it is perceived to be.

The essence of the important Sections of AFSPA is :

(a) Section 3 empowers the Central and State Governments to declare areas as disturbed.

(b) Section 4 gives the Army powers to search premises and make arrests without warrants, to use force even to the extent of causing death, destroy arms/ammunition dumps, fortifications/ shelters/hideouts and to stop, search and seize any vehicles.

(c) Section 6 stipulates that arrested persons and seized property is to be made over to the police with least possible delay.

(d) Section 7 offers protection of personnel acting in good faith in their official capacity. Prosecution is permitted only after sanction of the Central Govt.

The mere fact that the provisions of AFSPA have to be invoked with regard to a particular area ex facie establishes that the law and order situation there had degenerated to such an extent that the State Government with the aid of police power at its disposal was unable to maintain peace and tranquility.

A natural corollary to the above would be that if the Armed Forces, who are called upon to assist the State administration in restoring normalcy, have to succeed in their task, they enjoy at least the similar powers as the Police force if not wider ones.

However, close perusal of the various powers available to the police under the provisions of the CrPC vis-a-vis those available to Armed Forces under AFSPA would reveal that the police still enjoy more encompassing and wider powers relating toarrest, search, seizure, summoning of witnesses, preventive detention etc than the Armed Forces.Adequate checks and safeguards are built in the AFSPA to prevent the Armed Forces from assuming sweeping powers. Violations of its provisions are liable for legal action/prosecution. DO’s and DONTs issued by the Army, duly approved by the Supreme Court are binding on all ranks.

Then what is wrong with AFSPA? The word “Power”? Then why not rename the Act, the Armed Forces Special Services Act.

Author: Robin, Guwahati


Osama Bin Laden, the biggest enemy of US is killed in capital of it’s biggest ally Pakistan. :))
Irony of ironies
US forces also shot down a Pakistani helicopter which was apparently involved in hostile actions against them. US did not inform Paki authorities before attacking the compound

Here is a map of the location posted in Bharat Rakshak Forums. The area is very close to a Pakistani Military Academy and nobody with half a brain will doubt the fact that Pakistanis didn’t know of his location till now. A woman who was being used as human shield, Laden’s son were among 3 other people killed in the operation.
In my opinion, families of 9 Sep 2011 attack victims should sue Pakistan for providing shelter   to Laden.

Map of compound where he was killed

Some photos from http://www.spiegel.de

Picture of the crashed helicopter. Doesn’t look anything that Pakistan operates.

Links confirming the news:

Statement of US President, Barack Hussein Obama:

http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2011/05/02/remarks-president-osama-bin-laden 

http://thelede.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/05/01/bin-laden-dead-u-s-official-says/?hp

 http://www.nytimes.com/2011/05/02/world/02osama-bin-laden-obituary.html?hp=&pagewanted;=all

http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2011/05/the-meaning-of-where-bin-laden-was-killed-and-where-is-zawahiri/238114/ 




http://www.terminalx.org/2011/05/pakistan-army-helicopter-crashes-in.html#axzz1LAPDY2LX 

http://www.cnn.com/2011/WORLD/asiapcf/05/02/bin.laden.raid/index.html?hpt=T1

http://news.yahoo.com/s/yblog_theenvoy/20110502/ts_yblog_theenvoy/the-death-of-osama-bin-laden-how-the-u-s-got-him

http://www.dawn.com/2011/05/02/senior-isi-official-confirms-bin-laden-killed.html

http://www.news.com.au/breaking-news/world/osama-bin-laden-died-in-house-near-islamabad/story-e6frfkui-1226048516665#ixzz1LAvTfHoR

Osama Bin Laden – killed In Pakistan